Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia
Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
According to the ideas of sociologist R. Inglehart, the key factors in the formation of values are as follows: the level of economic development of one’s country of residence, and the dominant culture in those conditions where a person’s socialization occurred while they were growing up. Various countries form “cultural zones”, due to the historical connection between cultural, religious and ideological viewpoints. Shifts in values are strongly dependent on these views, while the effects of economic development fade into the background. Culture as a social institute allows us to differentiate people who represent varying ethnicities: it is engrained in one’s mentality and forces a certain way of thinking upon a person. Depending on cultural tradition, certain nations are religious, while others are not. Some nations consider divorce and abortions to be acceptable, while others condemn both. Vital values are the cultural imprint which determines people’s perception of the world. Using a comparative study of the influence which Russian and Uzbek cultures have on the vital values of students at the Northern (Arctic) Federal University, the author demonstrates the importance of traditions and practices typical to any given culture. After defining the differences between Russian and Uzbek cultures, which are expressed in language, religion, norms and traditions, further analysis is dedicated to examining key vital values. Attention is directed towards three groups of respondents: Uzbeks from Uzbekistan, Russians from Uzbekistan and Russians from Russia. Among the main vital values considered are “family, matrimony”, “education”, “love”, “friends”, “material well-being”, “religion”, “leisure time”, “health”, “patriotism”, “participation in political activities” and “working activity”. Cited is a ranked list in order of the importance of each value for all three groups. Conducted is an analysis of the content of said values, which allows for determining the similarities and differences between these groups, as well as how cultural components affect each one of them. This study resulted in revealing those values which are mainly dependent on cultural traditions, as well as those which have no effect on them.
life values, students, culture, foreign students, education, language, religion, norms.
Cheremisina N. V., Ivliev M. I., Talalaev D. D. Alkogolizm: global'naya problema sovremennoy Rossii [Alcoholism: the global problem of modern Russia]. Sotzial'no-economicheskie yavleniya i protsessy, 2014, no. 11, pp. 163–167 (in Russ.).
Flotskaya N. Y., Tyurikova I. I. and al. Osnovy polikul'turnogo obrazovaniya: potentsial razvitiya v Arkhangel'skoy oblasti [Fundamentals of multicultural education: the development potential in the Arkhangelsk region]. Arkhangelsk, SAFU, 2017. 96 p. (in Russ.).
Ghegher A. E. Vyiyavlenie individual'nykh i gruppovykh tsennostey v gruppe molodiozhi. Relevantnye metodicheskie resheniya [Revealing individual and group values in youth groupings, Relevant methodic solutions]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2010, no 1, pp. 132–141 (in Russ.).
Gorshkov M. K., Sheregi F. E. Molodiozh' Rossii: sotziologichesky portret [The Youth of Russia. Sociological Portrait]. Moscow, CSPiM publ., 2010. 592 p.
Inglehart R., Weltzel K. Modernizatsiya, kul'turnye izmeneniya i demokratiya: posledovatel'nost' chelovecheskogo razvitiya [Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence]. Moscow, Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2011. 464 p. (in Russ.).
Inglehart R. Modernization and Postmodernization. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1997. 464 p.
Karandashev V. N. Metodika Shvartsa dlia izucheniya tsennostey lichnosti: kontseptsiya i metodicheskoe rukovodstvo [Schwartz's method for studying the values of personality: a concept and a methodical guide]. Saint-Petersburg, Rech, 2004. 72 p. (in Russ.).
Kochergin A. N. Kul'tura kak sistema [The Culture as a System]. Vestnik TGPU, 2008, no 1, pp. 109–115 (in Russ.).
Lopatina S. L., Kostenko V. V., Ponarin E. D. Delo ne v islame: otnoshenie k abortam, razvodam i dobrachnomu sexu v deviati postsovetskikh gosudarstvakh [It's not about Islam: the attitude to abortion, divorce and premarital sex in nine post-Soviet states]. Zhurnal sotziologii i sotzial'noy antropologii, 2016, vol. XIX, no. 3, pp. 95–115 (in Russ.).
Magun V. S., Rudnev M. G. Cennostnaya geterogennost' naseleniya evropeyskikh stran: tipologiya po pokazatelyam R. Ingleharta [The value heterogeneity of the population of European countries: the typology by R. Inglehart's indicators]. Vestnik obschestvennogo mneniya: Dannye. Analiz. Diskussii, 2012, no. 3–4, pp. 12–24 (in Russ.).
Magun V. S., Rudnev M. G. Zhiznennye cennosti rossiyskogo naseleniya: skhodstva i otlichiya v sravnenii s drugimi evropeyskimi stranami [Values of the Russian population: similarities and differences in comparison with other European countries]. Vestnik obschestvennogo mneniya: Dannye. Analiz. Diskussii, 2008, no. 1, pp. 33–58 (in Russ.).
Mnogoobrazie vozmozhnostey sotziologicheskogo izucheniya sfery obrazovaniya [The variety of possibilities for sociological study of the sphere of education]. Part 2. Ed. by G.I. Saganenko. Saint-Petresburg, GNU IOV RAO publ., 2005. 155 p.
Rudnev M. G. Vliyanie «russkoyazychnosti» na zhiznennye tsennosti [The influence of "Russian-language" on life values]. Sotziologiya 4M: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoe modelirovanie, 2009, no. 28, pp. 107–128 (in Russ.).
Rudnev M. Value Adaptation among Intra-European Migrants: Role of Country of Birth and Country of Residence. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. Vol. 45. 2014, no 10, pp. 1626‑1642.