Volume 14 Issue 4 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: In search of justice: the idea of unconditional basic income

 

  
The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2023. Vol. 14. No 4 published 12/25/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 3 published 09/30/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 2 published 06/30/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 1 published 03/31/2023
All Issue:

2023 ( Vol. 14)  |  4   3   2   1  
2022 ( Vol. 13)  |  4   3   2   1  
2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  4   3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Perceptions of Russians of the impact of ethnicity on social advancement (on the example of the labour sphere)

Research Article

Anna A. Endryushko Candidate of Sociology
Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia
anna.endryushko@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0002-1358-1145
Perceptions of Russians of the impact of ethnicity on social advancement (on the example of the labour sphere).
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2022. Vol. 13. No. 3. P. 32-48

The article was prepared as part of the project “All-Russian Identity and Inter-ethnic Relations: Social Practice, Public Discourse and Management Decisions” as part of the 1st stage of the Programme of scientific research and applied work related to the study of the ethno-cultural diversity of the Russian society and aimed at strengthening the all-Russian identity.

Дата поступления статьи: 24.02.2021
Topic: Migration and identity

For citation:
Endryushko A. A. Perceptions of Russians of the impact of ethnicity on social advancement (on the example of the labour sphere). Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2022. Vol. 13. No. 3. P. 32-48
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2022.13.3.829. EDN: QUBFIL




Abstract

In multi-ethnic societies, the distribution of economic resources and observance of the citizens rights is inevitably viewed through the prism of ethnicity. Not only real, but also imaginary (existing only in people's ideas) ethnic inequality carries the threat of interethnic tension and social disintegration. The article assesses the prevalence of opinions about the influence of nationality on the possibilities of social advancement (on the example of the labour sphere) in the all-Russian context. The first part analyses the relationship of socio-demographic characteristics (age, level of education, type of settlement, economic status, employment structure) and belief in the influence of nationality on employment and entrepreneurial activity in the place of residence. In the second part, the ethnic marking of the labour sphere is considered in connection with settings in the sphere of interethnic relations and the real practice of perceived ethnic discrimination.

For the empirical basis of the study there was used the data of the all-Russian survey of the adult population, conducted in 2020 by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISRAS) in 22 regions, representing the regional diversity of the Russian Federation, taking into account the type of settlement (sample size - 2000 respondents).

The analysis showed that not all socio-demographic characteristics are associated with the formation of ideas about the ethnic conditionality of the labour sphere. In the all-Russian dimension, there is no connection with education, financial situation, or the structure of respondents' employment. Significant factors turned out to be age, type of settlement, type of ownership of the enterprise where the respondent works. The attitudes of respondents in the field of interethnic relations, the presence of ethnic prejudice, as well as the actual practice of perceived discrimination based on nationality, have a much stronger influence on the ideas under study. However, due to the low spread of this practice, it is concluded that the opinions formed by a significant part of Russians about the ethnic marking of employment and entrepreneurial activity should be considered as stereotypes that have developed due to the historical context of the country, and not as a result of a real infringement of rights in this area of life.

Keywords

ethnicity, social promotion, ethnic inequality, equality of opportunities, interethnic attitudes, polyethnicity

References

 

  1. Evseeva M. A. Russians’ views on ethnic causality of social advancement chances. Sotsiologicheskie issledovanija, 2017: 1: 56–63 (in Russ.).
  2. Evseeva M. A. Mythologemes and reality in access to social resources in a multiethnic space based on research materials in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). INAB. Mezhnatsional'nyye otnosheniya v respublikakh Rossiyskoy Federatsii: primer Tatarstana i Sakha (Yakutii), 2019: 1: 62–73 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.19181/INAB.2019.1
  3. Kurakin D. Yu. Tragedy of Inequality: Dehumanizing "L’Homme Total". Sociologicheskoe obozrenie, 2020: 3: 167–231 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.17323/1728-192x-2020-3-167-231
  4. Peshkova V. M. Entrepreneurship of migrants in Russia: structural opportunities. Vlast', 2018: 1: 107–115 (in Russ.).
  5. Social'noe neravenstvo etnicheskih grupp: predstavleniya i real'nost' [Social inequality of ethnic groups: perceptions and reality]. Ed. by L. M. Drobizheva. Moscow, Academia, 2002: 480 (in Russ.).
  6. Fadeev P. V. Ethnicity and Opportunities in Social Promotion: Representations and Reality. In Interethnic Accord in the All-Russian and Regional Dimension. Sociocultural and religious contexts. Ed. by L. M. Drobizheva. Moscow, FNISTS RAN, 2018: 95–122 (in Russ.).
  7. Bessudnov A., Shcherbak A. Ethnic Discrimination in Multi-ethnic Societies: Evidence from Russia. European Sociological Review, 2020: 36 (1): 104–120. DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcz045

 


Content 2022' 42