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Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
This article examines the issues and problems attributed to the employment of disabled people on the labor market, issues with their integration into society, while examining the needs of disabled people in various aspects of life. At this point analyzing the problem of disability as a social phenomenon shows that our society, which has gone through a lengthy period of isolating people with disabilities, has come close to acknowledging the relevance of this matter, with it being a consequence of disorder in our society as a whole. While guiding the handicapped towards an active stand on life, the government itself was unable to overcome the contradictions between the legislation and the labor market. While the market was undergoing a transformation, Russian social policies concerning handicapped employment were revised not in favor of the disabled: cancelled were tax benefits, while a job quota system was in effect, new workplaces with the proper working conditions were not being established, and employers would violate the employment rights of the disabled. Ultimately those serious obstacles which exist today and do not allow for the handicapped to realize their right to work have exacerbated the problem of social inequality. Attention is drawn towards issues attributed to utilizing handicapped labor in private and public organizations, the motives for employing them, as well as the problems of labor and legal awareness. The study revealed that many disabled people aspire towards labor and independence. However, they have serious difficulties finding a job and are in need of help. Most of those surveyed view not only their current state in a negative light: they also have a pessimistic outlook on the future, since they think that there are no opportunities for them in life. This article traces the role and importance of state employment service (SES) when it comes to the matter at hand.
handicapped, social policy, labor market, integration, social citizenship, labor adaptation, the right to a job and job security, employment service.
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