Volume 14 Issue 4 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: In search of justice: the idea of unconditional basic income


The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2023. Vol. 14. No 4 published 12/25/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 3 published 09/30/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 2 published 06/30/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 1 published 03/31/2023
All Issue:

2023 ( Vol. 14)  |  4   3   2   1  
2022 ( Vol. 13)  |  4   3   2   1  
2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  4   3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Concepts of Soviet religious studies in contemporary Russian sociology of religion

Research Article

Михаил М Смирнов, Doctor of Sociology, Associate professor, associate of other organizaiton, ,
mailto: mirsnov@yandex.ru
Concepts of Soviet religious studies in contemporary Russian sociology of religion.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2012. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 25-34

This Article is downloaded: 902 times
For citation:
Смирнов М. Ю. Concepts of Soviet religious studies in contemporary Russian sociology of religion. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2012. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 25-34


The author examines some terms of Soviet religious studies in their original and modern implications. Such concepts as “social roots of religion”, “social conditioning of religion”, “social functions of religion” and some others are analyzed. The social roots of religion were derived from powerlessness of people over the natural elements and from the limited relationships between people in the society. Dependence of people in natural-human relations was accounted for, mainly, to the inadequacy of the available objective and practical means for mastering of the natural world, underdevelopment of the productive forces of society. The category of the societal foundations of religion implies relations that produce a lack of freedom and dependence of people on the external circumstances of their life in society. Social conditioning of religion implies the influence of social processes on the religion, in the conditions of which it exists and evolves. The fact of such conditioning is recognized by supporters of various approaches in secular sociology of religion and in religious sociology. Interpretation from confessional positions takes the source of religion beyond the limits of scientific knowledge, and represents the society itself as a derivative of the transcendent principle of being. From the point of view of secular sociology, “social conditioning” arises because of the rootedness of religion in social relations. The social functions of religion are now understood as the interaction of religion as a social subsystem with other elements of the society structure. In the domestic religion studies the worldview, compensatory and socio-cultural functions are customary to be considered as social functions. Their bearers are the aggregate subjects of faith: religious associations, large or small religious groups. The presence of the nomenclature of the Soviet sociology of religion and its modifications in the current scientific discourse shows that the liberation from ideological connotations made it possible to uncover the explanatory potential of the concepts of the social nature of religion expressed by it. The scope of their application is limited, but their application allows us to build up modern research theories using those credible representations that were developed in the framework of a scientific atheistic approach to religion.


sociology of religion, social roots of religion, social dependency of religion, social functions of religion



1. Smirnov M. Yu. Ocherk istorii rossiyskoy sotsiologii religii [Essay on the history of Russian sociology of religion]. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2008 (in Russ.).

2. Krasnikov A. N. Metodologicheskie problemy religiovedeniya [Methodological problems of religious studies]. Moscow, Akademicheskiy proekt, 2007 (in Russ.).

3. Ostrovskaya-ml. E. A. Religioznaya modelʹ obshchestva. Sotsiologicheskie aspekty institutsionalizatsii traditsionnykh religioznykh ideologiy [Religious model of a society. Sociological aspects of the institutionalization of traditional religious ideologies]. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2005 (in Russ.).

4. Toshchenko Zh. T. Gosudarstvo kak subʺekt teokratii [State as the subject of theocracy]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2007, no 2 (in Russ.).

5. Chesnokova V. F. Votserkovlennostʹ: fenomen i sposoby ego izucheniya [Churching: the phenomenon and ways to research it]. Desyatʹ let sotsiologicheskikh nablyudeniy. Ed. By T. V. Vorontsova, M. V. Kanevskaya. Moscow, Institut Fonda «Obshchestvennoe mnenie», 2000 (in Russ.).

6. Levada Yu. A. Sotsialʹnaya priroda religii [The social nature of religion]. Moscow, Nauka, 1965 (in Russ.).

7. Veremchuk V. I. Sotsiologiya religii: ucheb. posobie [Sociology of Religion: Textbook]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA, 2004 (in Russ.).

8. Garadzha E. V. K voprosu o sotsialʹnoy funktsii religii [To the question of the social function of religion]. Lomonosovskie chteniya – 2004. Rossiya i sotsialʹnye izmeneniya v sovremennom mire. In 2 vol. Vol. 1. Responsible ed. V. I. Dobrenʹkov. Moscow, MAKS Press, 2004 (in Russ.).

9. Dobruskin M. E. O sotsialʹnykh funktsiyakh tserkvi (na materialakh Russkoy pravoslavnoy tserkvi) [On the social functions of the church (on the materials of the Russian Orthodox Church)]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2002, no 4 (in Russ.).

10. Pismanik M. G. Religiovedenie: ucheb. posobie [Religious Studies: Textbook]. Moscow, YUNITI-DANA, 2009 (in Russ.).

11. Mchedlov M. P. Religiovedcheskie ocherki. Religiya v dukhovnoy i obshchestvenno-politicheskoy zhizni sovremennoy Rossii [Religious studies. Religion in the spiritual and socio-political life of modern Russia]. Moscow, Nauchnaya kniga, 2005 (in Russ.).

12. Ateisticheskiy slovarʹ [Atheistic Dictionary]. General ed. M. P. Novikov. 2nd ed., corrected and updated. Moscow, Politizdat, 1985 (in Russ.).

13. Istoriya i teoriya ateizma: ucheb. Posobie [History and theory of atheism: Textbook]. ed. by M. P. Novikov. 3rd ed., finalized. Moscow, Myslʹ, 1987 (in Russ.).

14. Nauchnyy ateizm: ucheb. posobie [Scientific atheism: Textbook]. Ed. by M. P. Mchedlova. Moscow, Politizdat, 1988 (in Russ.).

15. Lebedinets G. M. Dialektika sotsialʹnykh korney religii [Dialectics of the social roots of religion]. Lʹvov: Izd-vo Lʹvov. un-ta; Vishcha shkola, 1975 (in Russ.).

16. Ugrinovich D. M. Vvedenie v religiovedenie [Introduction to Religious Studies]. 2nd ed., finalized. Moscow, Myslʹ, 1985 (in Russ.).

17. Samygin S. I., Nechipurenko V. I., Polonskaya I. N. Religiovedenie: sotsiologiya i psikhologiya religii: ucheb. posobie [Religious Studies: Sociology and Psychology of Religion: A Tutorial]. Rostov on Don, Feniks, 1996 (in Russ.).

18. Yablokov I. N. Sotsiologiya religii [Sociology of religion]. Vvedenie v obshchee religiovedenie: uchebnik. General ed. I. N. Yablokov. Moscow, Knizhnyy dom «Universitet», 2001 (in Russ.).

19. Medvedko S. V. Problemy metodologii sovremennoy sotsiologii religii v Rossii [Problems of methodology of modern sociology of religion in Russia]. Gosudarstvo, religiya, tserkovʹ v Rossii i za rubezhom. Informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulletenʹ RAGS, Moscow, 2001, no 2 (in Russ.).

20. Istoriya religii: uchebnik [History of religion: a textbook]. In 2 vol. Vol. 1. General ed. I. N. Yablokov. Moscow, Vyssh. shkola, 2002 (in Russ.).

21. Vizhlyanskiy V. Novoe issledovanie po starym retseptam: o sotsiologii religii v Rossii [A new study on old recipes: on the sociology of religion in Russia]. Novyy mir, 2001, no 4 (in Russ.).

22. Bachinin V. A. O distsiplinarnom statuse khristianskoy sotsiologii i ob ehpistemologicheskoy konfiguratsii teosotsiologicheskogo metoda [On the disciplinary status of Christian sociology and on the epistemological configuration of the theosological method]. Sotsiologicheskaya ehpistemologiya i metodologiya v XXI veke: Materialy Pervykh Kovalevskikh chteniy. Ed. by N. G. Skvortsov. Saint Petersburg, Asterion, 2006 (in Russ.).

23. Vasilenko L. I. Vvedenie v filosofiyu religii: Kurs lektsiy [Introduction to the philosophy of religion: A course of lectures]. Moscow, Izd-vo PSTGU, 2009 (in Russ.).

24. Smirnov M. Yu. Sotsiologiya religii: slovarʹ [Sociology of Religion: Vocabularly]. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2011 (in Russ.)

25. Manuylova D. E. Sotsialʹnye funktsii religii [The social functions of religion]. Moscow, Znanie, 1975 (in Russ.).

26. Garadzha V. I. Sotsiologiya religii: ucheb. posobie [Sociology of Religion: Tutorial]. 4th ed., corrected and updated. Moscow, INFRA-M, 2010 (in Russ.).

27. Filatova O. G. Sotsiologiya religii: Konspekt lektsiy [Sociology of Religion: Lecture notes]. Saint Petersburg, Izd-vo Mikhaylova V. A., 2000 (in Russ.).

28. Yablokov I. N. Sotsiologiya religii [Sociology of religion]. Moscow, Myslʹ, 1979 (in Russ.).

29. Okladnikova E. A. Sotsiologiya kulʹtury: uchebnoe posobie [Sociology of Culture: a Tutorial]. Saint Petersburg, SPbGIEHU; OOO Biznes–Pressa, 2008 (in Russ.).

Content 2012' 4