Volume 15 Issue 1 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: Methodology in Russian Sociology


The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2024. Vol. 15. No 1 published 04/01/2024
2023. Vol. 14. No 4 published 12/25/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 3 published 09/30/2023
2023. Vol. 14. No 2 published 06/30/2023
All Issue:

2024 ( Vol. 15)  |  1  
2023 ( Vol. 14)  |  4   3   2   1  
2022 ( Vol. 13)  |  4   3   2   1  
2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  4   3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Main Factors of Uneven Development among Russian Regions

Research Article

Vladimir I. Pantin Doctor of Philosophy
Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia
ORCID ID=0000-0002-4218-4579
Main Factors of Uneven Development among Russian Regions.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2023. Vol. 14. No. 4. P. 219-233

Дата поступления статьи: 07.07.2023
Topic: Regions of the Russian Federation: growing points and disproportions of development

For citation:
Pantin V. I. Main Factors of Uneven Development among Russian Regions. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2023. Vol. 14. No. 4. P. 219-233
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2023.14.4.12. EDN: RUAFWS


The article explores the primary factors contributing to the uneven social development of regions in Russia, providing a general classification. It pays particular attention to the influence of historical, cultural-civilisational, and geopolitical factors on the development and modernisation of Russian regions. This includes regional traditions, ethno-social and cultural specificities, and an analysis of how all these factors impact regional dynamics.

The study illustrates that disparities, significant differences, and inequalities in the socio-economic development of Russia's regions are a result of the combination and interaction of multiple factors that require consideration when formulating and implementing regional policies. The interaction of different factors in each specific case creates key and acute social problems and risks for that region. Therefore, regional authorities and active local community groups must focus on timely responses to prevent the radicalisation and politicisation of these problems, preventing them from escalating into social-political conflicts.

Among such problems and associated risks are issues of social inequality perceived by local residents as fundamentally unjust. These include challenges related to the lack of access for many inhabitants to quality healthcare and education, as well as ecological problems. Additionally, concerns arise regarding interethnic relations, particularly between local populations and migrants arriving from other states, along with demographic challenges.

However, the concerted efforts of regional authorities and concerned citizen groups at the grassroots level alone cannot entirely solve the key problems of a region. This demands close cooperation and the pooling of efforts from local communities, regional, and central authorities. Presently, in Russia, such collaboration and concerted efforts across different levels are implemented only fragmentarily and far from being adequate. Consequently, it is concluded that to ensure social stability in Russian regions, regional and local authorities need to consider the interests of local communities and their initiatives for development. This includes areas such as culture, preserving and developing local traditions, education, regional studies, local and regional identity, historical memory, and ecology.

Moreover, it is crucial to prevent the gross destruction of natural and social environments and the predatory use of natural and human resources in Russian regions by large corporations, holdings, and financial structures. The author concludes that while devising and implementing any projects for socio-political and economic development, it's essential to consider both the general civilisational specifics of Russia and the peculiarities of development within regional and local communities. Ignoring these aspects could lead to irreversible damage to the social environment and the degradation of fundamental social, cultural, and value structures within Russian society.


Russia, sociology, regions, socio-economic development, unevenness, historical factors, cultural-civilisational factors, geopolitical factors, state, local communities

  1. Aksenova O. V. Magistral’nyi gazoprovod v prigranichnom rayone. (Mestnaya politika dobyvayushchei korporatsii i soglasovanie interesov sotsial’nykh grupp) [Gas main in the frontier region (Local policy of the extractive corporation and agreement of social groups’ interests]. Istoriya i sovremennost’, 2009: 1: 73–92 (in Russ.). EDN: KCKWAZ.
  2. Aksenova O. V. Strategy of Russian regional development. Vlast’, 2019: 27: 1: 9–17 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31171/vlast.v27i1.6192; EDN: YZPVDV.
  3. Aksenova O. V. Paradoxes of territorial and spatial development of Russia. Gumanitariy Yuga Rossii, 2022: 6: 48–58 (in Russ.) DOI: 10.18522/2227-8656.2022.6.2; EDN: CJRKWA.
  4. Belkina A. S. Social and economic inequality of Russian regions: the ways of solving the problem. Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki, 2015: 3: 246–248 (in Russ.). EDN: UYFQRH.
  5. Biyzhanova E. K. Small town in the border areas of Russia: socio-cultural and social and economic problems. Zhurnal BelGU, 2022: 3: 103–108 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.33581/2521-6821-2022-3-103-108; EDN: OWKEGJ.
  6. Bondarenko N. E., Gubarev R. V. The problem of regional inequality in social and economic development of the Russian Federation. Vestnik REU im. G. V. Plekhanova, 2020: 17: 5: 56–68 (in Russ.). EDN: VCVDKJ.
  7. Busygina I. M., Sagitova L. V. Agglomerations, cluster policy and economic growth in Russia (case of the Republic of Tatarstan). Vestnik Permskogo un-ta. Politologiya, 2020: 14: 2: 5–14 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.17072/2218-1067-2020-2-5-14; EDN: BETKNM.
  8. Lapin N. I. Actual theoretical and methodological aspects of Russian modernization studies. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2015: 1: 5–10 (in Russ.). EDN: TLPTBT.
  9. Lapin N. I. Distances between modernization states in Russian macroregions and their civilizational meaning. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, 2015: 5: 61–71 (in Russ.). EDN: UTEWXB.
  10. Lapin N. I. Atlas of Russian modernization and its regions: social and economic and socio-cultural tendencies and problems. Moscow, Ves’ Mir, 2016: 360 (in Russ.). EDN: YRJCJX.
  11. Mazur L., Gramatchikova N., Pryamikova E., Veselkova N. Russian town museums and cultures of memory. Quaestio Rossica, 2022: 5: 1852–1867 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.15826/qr.2022.5.765; EDN: QVKXPK.
  12. Martynenko T. S., Dobrinskaya D. E. Social inequality in the era of artificial intelligence: from digital to algorithmic divide. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny, 2021: 1: 171–192 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2021.1.1807; EDN: ZMNKKY.
  13. Morozova E. V., Miroshnichenko I. V. Traditions and innovations in development policy of rural territories in Russia: the potential of Cossacks. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya, 2023: 5: 66–87 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2023.05.05; EDN: KYSTFW.
  14. Rastvortseva S. N., Usmanov D. I. Estimation of globalization factors’ influence on social and economic inequality of regions in Russia. Belgorod, KONSTANTA, 2015: 260 (in Russ.). EDN: TYQWJJ.
  15. Ferguson N. The Great Degeneration: How Institutes Decay and Economies Die. London, Penguin Books, 2014: 174.
  16. Lipset S. M., Rokkan S. Cleavage Structures, Party Systems and Voter Alignments: An Introduction // Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-national Perspectives. Ed. by S. M. Lipset, S. Rokkan. New York, Free Press, 1967: 1–64.
  17. Van Dijk J. The Digital Divide. Cambridge, Medford, Polity Press, 2020: 208.

Content 2023' 47