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School graduates as the basis of the human capital of the region on the example of the Republic of Tyva


Tana M. Oydup Candidate of Sociology Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Russia,
mailto: tana_o@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0003-3125-3361
Ai-kys C. Kylgiday Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Russia,
mailto: aikys_k@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0003-4608-7968
School graduates as the basis of the human capital of the region on the example of the Republic of Tyva.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 176-188

Дата поступления статьи: 16.08.2021
This Article is downloaded: 65 times
Topic: Society and education in Russian regions

For citation:
Oydup T. M.., Kylgiday A. C.. School graduates as the basis of the human capital of the region on the example of the Republic of Tyva. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 176-188
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2021.12.3.743



Abstract

In the modern conditions of interregional competition, there arises the issue of attracting and preserving the human capital of the region. The Republic of Tyva is losing significantly in this interregional rivalry. The factors that reduce the attractiveness of the region for its graduates and labor migrants from other regions are a small selection of educational institutions, high unemployment, the region's lagging behind in infrastructure provision. Grades 9 and 11 students are one of the main sources of human capital in any region. Graduates choose their future profession, university, place for their further residence (stay in another city or return to their small homeland). Thus, they unconsciously determine which region will receive new human resources.

This article analyses the results of surveys of school graduates in the capital of the Republic of Tyva - the city of Kyzyl, conducted in 2010 and 2019. Comparative analysis showed that against the background of socio-economic changes that have taken place in the republic over the decade, the preferences of graduates when choosing future professions have changed. One can trace a clear relationship between the increase in the supply of jobs in the labor market and the growing popularity of certain professions. According to the results of sociological research, it can be stated that while maintaining the current socio-economic situation in the Republic of Tyva, the majority of school graduates in the city of Kyzyl will not become the basis for the formation of the region's human capital. For the republic, the issues of creating new jobs, increasing the social attractiveness of the region for further living, that includes solving housing and household issues, as well as improving the quality of social services for the population, transport accessibility, and improving the standard of living of the population, remain relevant. All of the above in aggregate will contribute to the formation of the region's human capital.

Keywords

human capital, graduates, school, region, education, Tyva

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