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Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The article examines the general picture of the use of their time fund by university students, its structuring, as well as the dynamics of time indicators related to the main spheres of students' daily activities in 2002–20. Particular attention is paid to educational activities as status-forming for full-time students. A survey of university students in Moscow, Omsk and Pskov was conducted in March 2019 – January 2020 by the sector for studying the daily activities and time budget of the ISRAS within the framework of the monitoring complex research "Daily activities of the urban population: time budget, values, social adaptation." The real behaviorur of students was analyzed in combination with the analysis of motivation to obtain higher education, adaptive opportunities for participation in educational activities and the success of professional socialization of students. It was revealed that the dominant motive for obtaining higher education - “the need to have a higher education diploma in order to get a good job” - not only retained (over the period 2002–20) its dominance and a significant “gap” from the significance of other motives, but its importance even rose. In general, the configuration of educational motivation has not changed much. Changes in resource time possibilities least of all affected the segment of daily activities related to the total work load (study time, paid work, unpaid work). The study time of students decreased more significantly for women (much less for men). The amount of time spent on physical recovery of students has decreased, but the space for studying in their free time has significantly expanded. It is shown that the types of students' value orientation in relation to educational activities have a connection with the volume, structure of educational time and other indicators. Indicators of adaptive capabilities of students for the implementation of educational activities are associated with the degree of preparedness of students to study at the university. It was revealed that the time spent on all educational activities and its structure in 2019–20 differs by the worst characteristics both in comparison with 1920 and in comparison, with other periods (the period of 1920–2020 was considered in dynamics).
time budget of a university student, educational activity, motives for entering a university, value of study, adaptation to study at a university
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