Volume 12 Issue 3 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: Individual and society in the global postmodernity: socio-cultural metamorphoses
  
The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2021. Vol. 12. No 3 published 09/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 2 published 06/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 1 published 04/01/2021
2020. Vol. 11. No 4 published 12/28/2020
All Issue:

2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

(Non)Religious Diversity and correlation of religious, spiritual and secular in the consciousness of modern man


Elena D. Rutkevich Candidate of Philosophy, Associate professor, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia,
mailto:
ORCID ID=0000-0002-4082-7198
(Non)Religious Diversity and correlation of religious, spiritual and secular in the consciousness of modern man.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 54-78

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2021.12.3.737

Дата поступления статьи: 30.06.2021
This Article is downloaded: 65 times
Topic: Individual and society in the global postmodernity: socio-cultural metamorphoses

For citation:
Elena D. Rutkevich. (Non)Religious Diversity and correlation of religious, spiritual and secular in the consciousness of modern man. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 54-78
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2021.12.3.737




Abstract

Non-religious diversity is growing in the world nowadays. In the current context it is understood not as a diversity of faiths, religions, non-religions, etc., but as a variety of types of non-religious consciousness and categories of non-religious identity. The article covers only a few aspects of this vast topic. First, the theoretical prerequisites and substantiations for the change in the Western non-religious identity taking place during the transition from the Westphalian to the post-Westphalian system of religious governance and the emergence of a special type of pluralism that is formed in the process of dedifferentiation of religion, globalization and the transformation of the “religion of place and nation” into a transnational religion “without place and nation”, when the ratio of religious, spiritual and secular in the mind of a postmodern person changes. Second, the author analyses the origins and causes of this transformation of non-religious consciousness in the "long 1960s". Third, the author traces the evolution of such types of non-religious diversity as “spiritual but not religious”, “none” and “post-protestants” and the concept of “spirituality” that connects them. The category "spiritual but not religious", sometimes perceived as dubious and unconvincing, appearing in the context of countercultural spirituality, in the author´s opinion, is very important for understanding Western, especially American irreligiousness in general and the processes taking place today in particular. The processes that are associated with the growth of "none" and the proliferation of "post-Protestants" related to the Woke culture, who claim the role of "saviours of humanity", attaching more importance to the "new post-Protestant ethics" (rather than religion and tradition), seeking to politicise religion, to sacralise politics, race and gender relations. Rejecting the "old religion" and proclaiming a "new ethics", moving from the ideals of diversity, universal tolerance and political correctness to "militant moralism and cruel dogmatism”, they confirm the idea of "complex irreligiousness" in the era of "late modernity", that seems to be a sign of the times and requires close attention of scientists.

Keywords

non-religious diversity, spirituality, religion, irreligiousness, spiritual but not religious, none, pluralism, dedifferentiation of religion, post-protestants, new ethics, non-religious“complexity

References
  1. Ammerman N. T. "Spiritual but not Religious? Beyond Binary Choices in the Study of Religion." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. Boston University, 2013: 52(2): 57. Accessed 10.04.2021. URL: https://hdl.handle.net/2144/5449

  2. Bellah R.N., Sullivan W. M, Swindler A., Tipton S., Madsen R. Habits of the heart: Individualism and commitment in American life. New York, Harper and Row, 1985: 355.

  3. Berger P. The Many Altars of Modernity. Towards a Paradigm for religion in a Pluralist Age. De Greuter, 2014: 147.

  4. Berger P., Davie G., Fokas E. Religious America, Secular Europe? Ashgate, Great Britain, 2008: 168.

  5. Beyer P. Religion in the Context of globalization. A Developing of theoretical perspective. In: Religion in the context of globalization. Essays on concept, form and political implications. Routledge, 2013: 1–23.

  6. Beyer P. Beaman L. Dimensions of Diversity: Towards a More Complex Conceptualization, Basel, Switserland, 2019: 1–15. Accessed 10.04.2021. URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

  7. Bottum J. An Anxious Age: The Post- protestant Ethic and the Spirit of America. New York, Image Press, 2014: 296.

  8. Brown C. G. Religion and Demographic Revolution: Women and Secularization in Canada, Ireland, UK, and USA since 1960s. Woodbridge, 2012: 305.

  9. Brown C.G. The Secularisation Decade: What the 1960s have done to the study of religious history. In: The decline of Christendom in Western Europe 1750-2000. Ed. by McLeod H., Ustorf W. Cambridge, 2003: 29–46.

  10. Сasanova J. Public Religions in the Modern World. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London, 1994: 320.

  11. Chaves M. American Religion: Contemporary Trends. Priston, New York, Prinston University Press, 2017: 172.

  12. Fuller R.C. Spiritual, but not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 2001: 224.

  13. Fursett I., Kuhle L., Lundby K., Lovheim M. Religious Complexity in Nordic Public Spheres. Nordic Journal of Religion and Society, 2019: 1: 32: 71–90.

  14. Heelas P., Woodhead L., with Seel.B., Szerzhynski B., Tusting K. The Spiritual Revolution. Why Religion is Giving Way to Spirituality. Blackwell, USA, UK, 2005: 204.

  15. Hout M. and Fischer C.S. Explaining Why More Americans Have No Religious Preference: Political Backlash and Generational Succession, 1987–2012. Sociological Science, 2014: 1: 423–447.

  16. Klainerman S. How to fight the enemies of academic freedom? “Quillette”. Accessed 10.08.2020. URL: https://quillette.com/2020/08/10/how-to-fight-the-enemies-of-academic-freedom/

  17. McLeod H. A Religious Watershed? The “Long Sixties” in Long-Term Perspective. SZRKG, 2013: 107: 15–31.

  18. Pasture P. 2013. Dechristianization and the changing religious landscape in Europe and North America since 1950. In: The Sixties and Beyond: Dechristianization in North America and Western Europe, 1945–2000. Ed. by Christie N., Gauvreau M. Toronto, 2013: 367–402.

  19. Post-protestantism’s Anxious Age Revisited: A conversation with Joseph Bottum, September 9, 2020. Accessed: 10.04.2021. URL: https://albertmohler.com/2020/09/09/joseph-bottum

  20. Rauschenbusch W. Christianity and Social Crisis. New York, The Macmillan company; London, Macmillan & co. ltd., 1907: 458.

  21. Ribberink E., Achtenberg P., Houtman D. A post-secular turn in attitudes towards religion? Anti-religiosity and anti-Muslim sentiment in Western Europe. Rassegna Italiana di Sociologica, 2017: 4: 802–829. DOI: 10.1111/jssr.12335

  22. Voas D., Day A. Recognizing Secular Christians: Towards An Unexcluded Middle in the Study of Religion. ARDA GUIDING PAPER. Accessed 10.04.2021. URL: http://www.thearda.com/rrh/papers/guidingpapers/voas_essay.doc

  23. Voas D., Chaves M. Is the United States a Couterexample to the Secularization Thesis? American Journal of Sociology, 2016: 121: 5 (March): 1517–1556.

  24. Woodhead L., Intensified Religious Pluralism and De-differentiation: the British Example. Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, Lancaster, University, County South, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK.Springerlink.com, 2016: 41–46.

  25. Wuthnow R. The Cultural Turn: Stories, Logics and the Quest for Identity in American Religion. In: Contemporary Religion. Ed. by Becker P., Eiesland N. Walnut Greek, AltaMira, 1997: 245–265.


Content 2021' 38