Volume 13 Issue 1 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: Modern Belarusian Sociology
  
The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2022. Vol. 13. No 1 published 03/31/2022
2021. Vol. 12. No 4 published 12/27/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 3 published 09/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 2 published 06/30/2021
All Issue:

2022 ( Vol. 13)  |  1  
2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  4   3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Civilizational heterogeneity of Russia. Property in the field of civilizational development


Lyudmila A. Belyaeva Doctor of Sociology Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,
mailto: bela46@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0003-0538-7331
Civilizational heterogeneity of Russia. Property in the field of civilizational development.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 27-53

Дата поступления статьи: 19.07.2021
This Article is downloaded: 77 times
Topic: Individual and society in the global postmodernity: socio-cultural metamorphoses

For citation:
Belyaeva L. A.. Civilizational heterogeneity of Russia. Property in the field of civilizational development. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 3. P. 27-53
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2021.12.3.736



Abstract

The article considers the Russian civilization as a socio-cultural community that includes different civilizational formations, the fact that determines its heterogeneous nature. An indicator of the heterogeneity of a society is its social structure, with civilisational rifts present - such an opposition of individual structural elements that has a civilizational character. In modern Russia, three civilizational rifts can be recorded. The first of them is based on the existence in the country of different levels of technical and technological development and, accordingly, of the nature and content of laborur of the population. The second rift is due to the material differentiation of the society: from the standard of living (on the threshold and beyond the poverty threshold) to the possession of multibillion fortunes, that leads to a deep difference in the quality of life of the population, that is an attributive feature of various civilizations. The third rift is related to the historically uneven development of the regions. Along with the regions that have entered or are already at the informational stage of development (they are in minority), most of the regions are at the industrial stage, and in some regions, a pre-industrial agrarian society with stable traditional values ​​still prevails. Accordingly, informational, industrial and traditional subcivilizations coexist in the vastness of Russia. Property relations are considered among the significant factors of civilizational development. Property relations are first of all economic and juridical (legal) relations. Property as a social relation carries the historically stipulated content of the moral norms, justice, individual and social benefit. Property is embodied not only in legal forms, but also in customs, cultural patterns, habits, types of thinking and behavioral models. In Russia, the property right of an individual has always been oriented towards "internal justice", correlated in the public and individual consciousness with the prevailing ideas of the proper. Whereas in Western civilization there has been entrenched the priority of public relations based on the protected by law private interest of an individual. The reorientation of property relations in Russia to the Western model, including in the memory of our contemporaries, has not been a success due to the traditionally strong etacratic influences, the dominance of the “power-property” relationship.

Keywords

heterogeneous civilizational community, social structuring, civilizational rift, property, stages of denationalization of property, land, power-property

References
  1. Alekseev S. S. Pravo sobstvennosti. Problemy` teorii. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. [The right of ownership. Problems of theory. 3rd ed., reprint.] Moscow, Izd. NORMA, 2008: 240 (In Russ.).

  2. Atlas modernizacii Rossii i ee regionov. Socialno-ekonomicheskie i sociokulturnye tendencii i problemy [Atlas of modernization of Russia and its regions. socio-economic and socio-cultural trends and problems]. Compiled and edited by N. I. Lapin. Moscow, Ves Mir, 2016: 347 (in Russ.).

  3. Afanasyev M. N. Afanas`ev M. N. Klientelizm i rossijskaya gosudarstvennost [Clientelism and Russian Statehood]. 2nd ed., add. Moscow, Moscow Public Scientific Foundation, 2000: 318 (In Russ.).

  4. Barsukova S. Yu., Zvyagintsev V. I. Land reform in Russia in the 1990-2000-ies, or how the land reform was "reformed" during departmental reorganizations. Journal of Institutional Studies, 2015: 7: 2: 84–98 (in Russ.).

  5. Belousov A. R. Scenarii e`konomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii na pyatnadczatiletnyuyu perspektivu [Scenarios of economic development of Russia for the fifteen-year perspective].  Problemy prognozirovaniya, 2006: 1: 53 (in Russ.).

  6. Belyaeva L. A. Property relations in modern Russia: social effects and prospects. Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost, 2017: 5: 31-42 (in Russ.).

  7. Belyaeva L. A. Russian youth in the era of change: structural changes and new challenges of socialization. Voprosy filosofii, 2020: 10: 17-27 (in Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.21146/0042-8744-2020-10-17-27

  8. Bibikhin V. V. Problema sobstvennosti [The problem of property]. Psychology. Philosophy. Accessed 21.05.2020. URL: http://www.bibikhin.ru/problema_sobstvennosti (in Russ.).

  9. Giddens A. The Constitution of Society. Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Moscow, Akademichesky project, 2005: 528 (in Russ.).

  10. Danilov V. Kollektivizaciya [Collectivization]. Accessed 15.02.2021. URL: www.rus-lib.ru/book/35/16/355-400.html (in Russ.).

  11. Kelle V. Zh. Civilizacionny`j podxod i problemy` formirovaniya teorii istoricheskogo processa [Civilizational approach and problems of forming the theory of the historical process]. Voprosy sotsialnoy teorii. Scientific almanac, 2008: II: 1 (2): 368–369 (in Russ.).

  12. Krepostnoe naselenie v Rossii po 10-j narodnoj perepisi. Statisticheskoe issledovanie A. Trojniczkogo [Serf population in Russia, according to the 10th National Census. Statistical study of A. Troitsky]. St. Petersburg, v tip. Karl Wulf publ, 1861: 93 (in Russ.).

  13. Krushenie Savvy velikolepnogo [The Crash of Savva the Magnificent]. Otechestvennye zapiski, 2005. Accessed 10.01.2021. URL: https://strana-oz.ru/2005/1/ (in Russ.).

  14. Lapin N. I. Distance between states of modernization of makroregions of the Russia and their civilizational contexts. Social Sciences and Modernity, 2015: 5: 68–69 (in Russ.).

  15. McLuhan G. M. The Gutenberg Galaxy. The creation of a human print culture. - Translated from English by A. Yudin. Kiev, Nika-center Elga, 2004: 206 (in Russ.).

  16. Motroshilova N. V. The attitude from the point of view of the theory of Civilization in the programs of modernization of modern China. Voprosy filosofii, 2012: 6: 5–16 (in Russ.).

  17. Nikulin A. Oligarxoz kak preemnik postkolxoza [Oligarchoz as the successor of the post-kolkhoz]. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya, 2010: Vol. 11: 1: 17–34 (in Russ.).

  18. Nuriev R. M. Rossiya: osobennosti institucional`nogo razvitiya [Russia: features of institutional development]. Moscow, NORMA, 2009: 448 (in Russ.).

  19. Pappe Ya. Sh. Oligarxi. Ekonomicheskaya xronika 1992–2000 [The oligarchs. Economic Chronicle 1992-2000]. Moscow, GU VSHE, 2000: 232 (in Russ.).

  20. Pappe Ya. Sh., Galukhina Ya. S. Rossijskij krupnyj biznes: pervye 15 let. Ekonomicheskie xroniki 1993–2008 gg. [Russian big business: the first 15 years. Economic Chronicles 1993-2008]. Moscow, GU VSHE, 2009: 424 (in Russ.).

  21. Peregudov S. P. Lapina N. Yu., Semenenko I. S. Gruppy interesov i rossijskoe gosudarstvo [Interest groups and the Russian state]. Moscow, Editorial URSS, 1999: 352 (in Russ.).

  22. Pletnikov Yu. K. Sobstvennost. Novaya filosofskaya enciklopediya. [Property. New Philosophical Encyclopedia]. Electronic Library of the IF RAS. Accessed 10.01.2021. URL: https://iphlib.ru/library/collection/newphilenc/document/HASH593c9d4cb1cc4c7497d259 (in Russ.).

  23. Radygin A. Rossijskaya privatizaciya: nacional`naya tragediya ili institucional`naya baza postsovetskix reform? [Russian privatization: a national tragedy or the institutional base of post-Soviet reforms?]. Mir Rossii, 1998: VII: 3: 3–32 (in Russ.).

  24. Regiony v Rossii: sociokulturnye portrety regionov v obshherossijskom kontekste [Regions of Russia: socio-cultural portraits of regions in the all-Russian context]. Ed. by N. I. Lapin, L. A. Belyaeva. Moscow, AKADEMIA, 2009: 808 (in Russ.).

  25. Rogachevskaya M. A. Stolypin P. A.: agrarnaya reforma i Sibir [Stolypin P. A.: agrarian reform and Siberia]. Accessed 13.02.2021. URL: http://econom.nsc.ru/eco/arhiv/ReadStatiy/2002_09/Rogachevska.htm (in Russ.).

  26. Sizemskaya I. N. "Russia-Europe" in the mirror of Russian philosophy (the first half of the XIX century). Vox. Philosophical journal, 2021: 33: June. Accessed 13.02.2021. URL: https://vox-journal.org/html/issues/594/605 (in Russ.).

  27. Solov'ev M. M. Koshkin L. I. Problemy` ocenki e`ffektivnosti upravleniya gosudarstvennoj sobstvennost`yu [Problems of evaluating the effectiveness of state property management]. Management in Russia and Abroad. Accessed 22.07.2021. URL: https://www.mevriz.ru/articles/2008/4/5214.html (in Russ.).

  28. Sorokin P. Obshhie principy` civilizacionnoj teorii i ee kritika [General principles of civilizational theory and its criticism]. Sravnitelnoe izuchenie civilizacij. Chrestomatiya / Comp. B. S. Erasov. Moscow, Aspect Press, 1999: 556 (in Russ.).

  29. Stolypin P. A. Vystuplenie v Tretej Gosudarstvennoj dume 16 noyabrya 1907 g. Izbrannye vystupleniya P. A. Stolypina v Gosudarstvennoj dume i Gosudarstvennom sovete. 1906–1911 [Speech in the Third State Duma on November 16, 1907. Selected speeches of P. A. Stolypin in the State Duma and the State Council. 1906-1911]. Moscow, Izdanie Gos. Dumy, 2012: 62 (in Russ.).

  30. Toshchenko Zh., Velikiy P. The Key Meanings of the Lifeworld of Rural Residents in Russia. Mir Rossii, 2018: 27: 1: 7–33 (in Russ.).

  31. Shkaratan O. I. Rossijskij poryadok: Vektor peremen [Russian Order: Vector of Changes]. Moscow, Vita-Press, 2004: 204 (in Russ.).


Content 2021' 38