Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia
Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The article presents the results of the analysis of the digital infrastructure of civil and political participation of Russians, it shows the connections between the audiences of online network communities, reflecting markers of the attitude of Russian social media users to the current government and indicators of the involvement of Russian citizens in the implementation of social initiatives. To construct graphs, we used a tool for unloading information and modeling the infrastructure of social connections of graphs, created on the basis of the programming language R. Additionally, the vkR packages were used to unload information from the VKontakte social network, as well as the igraph and ggraph packages for working with graphs and arcdiagram for visualisation. To interpret the empirical data, the principles of the network approach and the methodology of smart search for digital markers of socio-political processes were applied. As a result of the study, indicators of the density of communications between digital groups of political and civil participation were revealed, and the intersection of their audiences was established. Segments of the infrastructure of connections are shown both for all socio-media communities (research cases) and for each block of communities classified on two grounds: orientation (loyal or critically oriented towards the authorities) and type of group (political or civil). The intersection of audiences of loyalist and oppositional online communities was revealed and reflected in the graphs. The disunity and distance between loyalist, conventional audiences of groups carrying out political communication from civil groups, who are also constructively disposed towards the authorities, are shown. Revealed and graphically interpreted the techniques of capturing the user audience in the activities of opposition online leaders. Risks of a low density of connections between audiences of loyal social media communities have been substantiated. A relatively high density of connections has been established between opposition political online groups aimed at forming unconventional, deconsolidating attitudes of Russian social media users. Basic measures have been formulated to overcome the danger of consolidating supporters of opposition digital groups and the risks of increasing the influence of critical online leaders among the loyalist audience.
online civil participation, online political participation, social media, social graphs, digital infrastructure, density of connections between online network communities, intersection of digital audiences
Brodovskaya E. V., Dombrovskaya A. Yu., Karzubov D. N., Cherednik A. V. State and dynamics of Russian-speaking flows about interethnic and interreligious relations in Crimea and Sevastopol: cybermetry and discourse analysis of social media messages on the Runet. Gumanitarnyye nauki. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta, 2018: 8 (4): 23–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26794/2226-7867-2018-8-4-23-35 (in Russ.).
Zhelnina A. A., Tykanova E. V. Formal and informal civil infrastructures: modern studies of urban local activism in Russia. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial'noy antropologii, 2019: 22: 162–192 (in Russ.).
McLuhan M. Galaktika Gutenberga. Stanovlenie cheloveka pechatayushchego [The Gutenberg Galaxy. The formation of the person printing]. Moscow, Academic project, 2020: 444 (in Russ.).
Nikovskaya L. I., Skalaban I. A. Civil participation: features of the discourse and trends of real development. Polis. Politicheskiye issledovaniya, 2017: 6: 43–60. DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2017.06.04 (in Russ.).
Patrushev S.V. Civil activity: an institutional approach (research prospects). Polis. Politicheskiye issledovaniya, 2009: 6: 24–32 (in Russ.).
Pyrma R. V. The impact of digital communications on political participation. Gumanitarnyye nauki. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta, 2019: 9(4): 63–69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26794/2226-7867-2019-9-4-63-69 (in Russ.).
Pyrma R. V. Protest moods of Russian youth in the digital network. Gumanitarnyye nauki. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta, 2019: 9: 6: 100–110. https://doi.org/10.26794/2226-7867-2019-9-6-100-110 (in Russ.).
Boulianne S., Theocharis Y. Young People, Digital Media and Engagement: A Meta-Analysis of Research. Social Science Computer Review, 2020: 38 (2): 111–127.
Castells M. Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age (2nd ed.). UK, Cambridge, Polity, 2015.
Frame A., Brachotte G. (eds.). Citizen Participation and Political Communication in a Digital World (1st ed.). Routledge, 2015.
Gillespie T. Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media. New Haven, CT, Yale, Yale University Press, 2018.
Jasper J. M., Duyvendak J. W. (eds.). Players and Arenas: The Interactive Dynamics of Protest. Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press, 2015: 322.
Kim Y.-C., Ball-Rokeach S. J. Civic Engagement from a Communication Infrastructure Perspective. Communication Theory, 2006: 16: 173–197.
Lim C. Social Networks and Political Participation: How Do Networks Matter? Social Forces, 2008: 87: 961–982.
Plantin J.-C., Punathambekar A. Digital media infrastructures: pipes, platforms, and politics. Media, Culture & Society, 2019: 41(2): 163–174.
Praharaj S., Han J. H., Hawken S. Innovative Civic Engagement and Digital Urban Infrastructure: Lessons from 100 Smart Cities Mission in India. Procedia Engineering, 2017: 180: 1423–1432.
Sandvig C. The Internet as infrastructure. In: Dutton, WH (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013: 86–108.
Wilkin H. A., Moran M. B., Ball-Rokeach S. J., Gonzalez C., Kim, Y.-C. Applications of communication infrastructure theory. Health communication, 2010: 25(6): 611–612.