Valery V. Patsiorkovsky
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia,
ORCID ID=0000-0002-8847-4598Yury A. Simagin
Candidate of Geography, Associate professor, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia,
ORCID ID=0000-0001-8392-8645Djamila J. Murtuzalieva
Candidate of Economics Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia,
Population dynamics of priority geostrategic Territories of Russia in 2010-2018.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 2. P. 123-142
Дата поступления статьи: 28.04.2021
This Article is downloaded: 51 times
Topic: Social Processes In Russian Regions
Valery V. Patsiorkovsky., Yury A. Simagin., Djamila J. Murtuzalieva. Population dynamics of priority geostrategic Territories of Russia in 2010-2018. Vestnik instituta sotziologii
. 2021. Vol. 12. No. 2. P. 123-142
The article presents an analysis of the dynamics of the population of the priority geostrategic territories of the Russian Federation. They are highlighted in the "Strategy for the Spatial Development of the Russian Federation until 2025" as territories that are of particular importance for the development of the country as a whole and are distinguished at the same time by special life conditions and the functioning of the economy due to their geographical location. Population dynamics for such territories is both a factor determining socio-economic development and an indicator of the effectiveness of this development. The components of the population dynamics - natural growth and migration flows - are of particular importance. The article describes all four groups of priority geostrategic territories of Russia - isolated from the main territory of the country (exclaves), located in the North Caucasus and the Far East, in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. For each group, trends in population dynamics have been identified since the 2010 census, taking into account the components of natural growth and migration. The multidirectional aspect of the main demographic processes in the priority geostrategic territories of the country is revealed - natural growth is combined with the migration outflow of the population, and the migration inflow - with natural decline. At the same time, in the exclave and North Caucasian territories, the population is growing, and in the Far Eastern and Arctic territories it is decreasing. The features of both groups of priority geostrategic territories in comparison with Russia as a whole and of individual constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipalities within groups of territories are shown. The latter became possible due to the use of the database "Municipal Russia", that summarises demographic statistics for all urban districts and municipal areas of the country, including those located in priority geostrategic territories. As a result of the analysis of the population dynamics, directions have been identified that can lead to an improvement in the demographic situation in the priority geostrategic territories of the country, and, accordingly, will contribute to the socio-economic development of not only these territories, but the entire Russian Federation
priority geostrategic territories, population dynamics, migration and natural movement of the population, exclaves, the North Caucasus, the Far East, the Arctic zone of Russia
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