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Independence in professional activity: a glance at long-term trends


Irina P. Popova, Candidate of Sociology Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia,
mailto: popova-book@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0002-6907-3094
Independence in professional activity: a glance at long-term trends.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2019. Vol. 10. No. 4. P. 249-267

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2019.31.4.619

Дата поступления статьи: 22.06.2019
This Article is downloaded: 28 times
Topic: Sociology of Labor

For citation:
Irina P. Popova. Independence in professional activity: a glance at long-term trends. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2019. Vol. 10. No. 4. P. 249-267
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2019.31.4.619




Abstract

This article considers the autonomy at work trends in Russia for more than 15 years on the basis of monitoring data "Social differences in modern Russian society". A degree and characteristics of autonomy in work depend on external conditions and are manifested differently in different periods. The 1990s are a watershed of these periods. The established trends in the degree of manifestation of different types of autonomy in work are shown. There is a marked contradiction between the assessment of their autonomy and limiting framework of its manifestation: in comparison with 2015, in 1999, employees evaluated it significantly higher. This can be explained by adaptation to changing conditions of work and employment. At the same time, the organization of the workplace, according to the estimates of workers, does not give great opportunities to show their autonomy. This trend has been observed throughout the years of the survey. Meanwhile, workers are noticeably more likely to feel the insignificance of their level of autonomy.

The study confirmed the relationship of autonomy in labour relations with professional status: a high level of power, education, well-being. There is a decrease in autonomy of the heads of organizations and managers of the lower level. Working conditions are also important: forms of employment, contract, remuneration. Personal characteristics associated with attitudes to change in their lives, play a role. The influence of age and sex is not so significant. Trends in the situation of self-employment are noted: the growth of the scale, professional and qualification compliance. This confirms the assumption that compulsion characterizes self-employment to a lesser extent than in the 1990. It is concluded that autonomy in work is a characteristic of a more privileged social position of workers, as well as emerging social groups of self-employed.

Keywords

autonomy, employment, professional autonomy, professional control, self-employment

References

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On the development of some forms of self-employment in Russia in 1994–2002. Economichesky zhurnal VShE = Economics Journal of the HSE, 2005; 2: 185–215 (In Russ.).

Barsukova S.Y. Informal economy: concept, study history, research approaches. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2012; 2: 31–39 (In Russ.).

Bessokirnaja G.P. Have the motives of workers ' labour changed in post-Soviet Russia? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2017; 1: 94–105 (In Russ.).

Freidson E. Professionalism Reborn: Theory, Prophecy and Policy. Chicago (Mi): University of Chicago Press, 1994: 238.

Goldthorpe J.H. The service class revisited. In: Social change and the middle classes. Ed. by T. Butler, M. Savage. London: UCL Press, 1995: 313–329.

Il'in V.I., Il'ina M.A. Self-employment as a social phenomenon of Russian society. Rubezh = A Border, 1999; 13–14: 201–218 (In Russ.).

Popova I.P. Self-dependence at Work: Trends of the Decade. Mir Rossii = Universe of Russia, 2008; 4: 135–151 (In Russ.).

Temnitzky A.L. Independence in work as a factor of formation of subjectivity of Russian workers. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2011; 12: 35–42 (In Russ.).

Toksanbaeva M.S. Self-employment and its contradictions. Economicheskaja nauka sovremennoy Rossii = Economics of the Modern Russia, 1998; 3: 32–45 (In Russ.).

Toshchenko Zh. T. Precariat: from protoclass to new class. Moscow: Nauka, 2018: 350 (In Russ.).

Vishnevskaja N. Self-employment in transition economies. Mirovaja economika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija = World economy and international relations, 2013; 10: 58–67 (In Russ.).

Wright E.O. Marxist concepts of class structure. Rubezh = A Border, 2000; 15: 36–85 (In Russ.).


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