Volume 12 Issue 3 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: Individual and society in the global postmodernity: socio-cultural metamorphoses
  
The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2021. Vol. 12. No 3 published 09/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 2 published 06/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 1 published 04/01/2021
2020. Vol. 11. No 4 published 12/28/2020
All Issue:

2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Income inequality in Russian society: social consequences and issues


Lyudmila A. Belyaeva Doctor of Sociology Leading researcher, Center for the Study of social and cultural changes, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences,
mailto: bela46@mail.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0003-0538-7331
Income inequality in Russian society: social consequences and issues.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2018. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 83-100

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2018.26.3.526


This Article is downloaded: 363 times
Topic: Inequality in Russian Society

For citation:
Lyudmila A. Belyaeva. Income inequality in Russian society: social consequences and issues. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2018. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 83-100
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2018.26.3.526




Abstract

This article examines the issues with structuring members of Russian society based on level on income among post-Soviet Russia’s population. Analyzed are the material differentiation tendencies of society as a whole, where a marked distance has developed between those who have achieved a certain level of material prosperity – which allows leading a socially acceptable lifestyle – and those who lack the opportunity to fulfill their needs, and who have limited resources at their disposal for the development of their human potential and the improvement of their social and material status. Analysis is based on official statistics and results from an all-Russian monitoring survey conducted by the Center for the study of socio-cultural changes of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Philosophy. It is revealed that absolute and relative poverty levels, as analyzed based on official Rosstat data, do not correspond with the actual picture when it comes to the spread of material disadvantage in the country. Said levels should be revised, raising the bar for absolute and relative poverty, given how members of the population evaluate their own living standards. Even the reviewed official statistical data on income and savings indicate an increase in material differentiation, while various groups of the population remain poor. Not only absolute, but also relative poverty is a serious obstacle, which hampers the development of human potential and its transformation into human capital. The poor lack a budget for development which could contribute to forming human capital. The usual practices of increasing income among underprivileged groups by way of increasing social benefits cannot lead to an expected long-term effect until a different method for income growth is promoted, by way of efficient employment and developing the private sector of the economy. This article demonstrates that the formation of human capital in the country is associated with a more equitable distribution of public wealth, with developing a market contractual economy and a system of social guarantees. Society should also focus its attention on equal opportunity from the first steps when it comes to education the younger generation, while providing an increased level of government support for all levels of the educational system in the name of that objective. The educational system should not reproduce an ever increasing differentiation in living standards: its actual task is to provide upward mobility for capable children from all groups of society, regardless of income level.

Keywords

absolute poverty, relative poverty, income, savings, development resources, human capital, initial justice.

References

Belyaeva L. A. Nematerial'nyy kapital: k metodologii issledovaniya [Non-material capital: on the research methodology]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2014, no 10, pp. 36–44.

Belyaeva L. A. Obrazovanie v Rossii i modernizatsiya ekonomiki (po rezul'tatam Evropeyskogo sotsial'nogo issledovaniya) [Education in Russia and modernization of economy]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2011, no 12, pp. 13–24.

De Juvenel B. Etika pereraspredeleniya. 1952. URL: URL: http://www.libertarium.ru/l_lib_ethics [date of visit: 14.08.2017].

Zhuravleva T. L. Analiz faktorov differentsiatsii zarabotnoy platy v gosudarstvennom i chastnom sektorakh ekonomiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Analysis of factors of wage differentiation in the public and private sectors of the economy of the Russian Federation]. URL: http://pdf.knigi-x.ru/21ekonomika/236117-1-zhuravleva-analiz-faktorov-differenciacii-zarabotnoy-plati-gosudarstvennom-chastnom-sektorah-ekonomiki.php [date of visit: 14.08.2018].

Pliskevich N. M. Chelovecheskiy kapital v transformiruyushcheysya Rossii [Human capital in transforming Russia]. Moscow, Institut ekonomiki RAS, 2012. 231 p.

Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy ezhegodnik [Russian Statistical Yearbook]. Stat. sb. Moscow, Rosstat, 2017. 686 p.

Sotsial'noe polozhenie i uroven' zhizni naseleniya Rossii [Social status and standard of living of the Russian population]. Stat. sb. Moscow, Rosstat, 2017. 332 p.

Trud i zanyatost' v Rossii [Labor and employment in Russia]. Stat. sb. Moscow, Rosstat, 2003. 261 p.

Shevyakov A. Yu., Kiruta A. Ya. Neravenstvo, ekonomicheskiy rost i demografiya: neissledovannye vzaimosvyazi [Inequality, economic growth and demography: unexplored relationships]. Moscow, M-Studio, 2009. 192 p.

Shkaratan O. I., Yastrebov G. A. Sravnitel'nyy analiz protsessov sotsial'noy mobil'nosti v SSSR i sovremennoy Rossii [Comparative analysis of the processes of social mobility in the USSR and modern Russia]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost', 2011, no 2, pp. 5–28.

The Well-being of nations: The role of human and social capital. Paris, OECD, 2001 URL: http://www.oecd.org/site/worldforum/33703702.pdf [date of visit: 23.05.2018].


Content 2018' 26