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Ecological competences in the structure of educational programs in high-schools


Tatiana A. Oreshkina Candidate of Sociology Associate Professor, Department of sociology and technologies of public administration, Institute of public administration and entrepreneurship, Ural Federal University,
mailto: oreshkina.tanya@gmail.com
ORCID ID=0000-0003-0004-7709
Ecological competences in the structure of educational programs in high-schools.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2017. Vol. 8. No. 4. P. 113-123

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2017.23.4.484


This Article is downloaded: 536 times
Topic: Ecological education in modern Russia

For citation:
Tatiana A. Oreshkina. Ecological competences in the structure of educational programs in high-schools. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2017. Vol. 8. No. 4. P. 113-123
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2017.23.4.484




Abstract

This article analyzes such concepts as “ecological competences” and “ecological competence”, while proving that ecological competences are a part of general cultural competences for high-school graduates. It provides graduates with the ability to evaluate the results and consequences of their activities from a standpoint of biosphere compatibility and minimizing damage to the environment, as well as an understanding of the essence of the natural limits to modern socio-economic development and the reasons for ecological crises. Environmental disciplines should reflect a systematical understanding of humans’ place in the global ecosphere; they should analyze economic activity as being part of the biosphere, as well as tier interactions in worldwide, state and social environmental policy. The goal of environmental disciplines is to develop in bachelors a basic idea of the modern environmental discipline system and the essence of the natural limits to modern socio-economic development. Accumulating knowledge about the system of interactions between human beings and the surrounding environment is the first step towards developing ecological culture, and that is why educational programs at higher educational facilities must include environmental disciplines. Analyzed is the amount of environmental disciplines in educational programs at universities, using the Ural Federal University as an example. The highest amount of environmental disciplines is available in the group of technical specialties, while the majority of educational programs in such fields of study as “social sciences” and “humanitarian sciences” do not include the basics of ecology. Described is the reason why there are no formal obstacles for including environmental disciplines in bachelor’s educational programs. Issues concerning ecological studies in universities are examined. Substantiated is the need for widespread ecological studies, with it being the first step when it comes to developing ecological culture among the populace.

Keywords

sociology, ecological studies, ecological competence, higher school, environment protection, ecological culture.

References

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Khutorskoy A. V. Tekhnologiya proektirovaniya kliuchevykh i predmetnykh kompetenciy [Technology for designing key and subject competencies]. The web journal Eydos, 2005, no 12. URL: http://www.eidos.ru/journal/2005/1212.htm [date of visit: 12.09.17].

Zimniaya I. A. Kliuchevye kompetencii – novaya paradigma rezul'tata sovremennogo obrazovaniya [Core competencies - a new paradigm of the result of modern education]. Centr distantsionnogo obrazovaniya «Eydos», official website, 2006. URL: http://www. eidos.ru/journal/2006/0505.htm [date of visit: 12.09.17].


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