Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia
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Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
A sudden increase in Russia’s birthrate, observed since the year 2007, has shown that the pre-school education system turned out not to be prepared for such a drastic increase in the amount of pre-school children, this being expressed by the fact that the amount of children left outside of it has dramatically increased, which in turn has lead to considerable social-economic contradictions. Examining the development of the network of pre-school educational facilities in the years 2005-2013 helped identify three groups of children: those who attend pre-school educational facilities, those who do not attend them due to a lack of seats, and those who do not attend them due to their parents’ will. This study considers children ages 0-6 to be of “pre-school age”, since considering only children ages 1-6 leads to a certain amount of children under one year of age, who are waiting for their spots in pre-school educational facilities, falling out of scope, which in turn leads to the incorrect evaluation of the percentages of each group of children. This is the key difference between this study and the rest of them. The percentage of groups of children is examined by federal districts, as well as by those regions which are a part of the latter, while conducting their comparative analysis. The main conclusions of this study are as follows. First of all, there has been an increase in the coverage of children by the system of pre-school educational facilities, as well as an increase in the amount of children who do not attend the latter due to a lack of open spots, while the percentage of children not attending pre-school educational facilities due to their parents’ will has decreased. Second of all, regional climatic features and economic specialties considerably influence the quantity dynamics of groups of pre-school children. Conclusion number three: our country has considerable reserves when it comes to increasing employment. Conclusion number four: the current state of development of the network of pre-school educational facilities does not suit the needs of the population. In order to solve the current problems in this field, certain recommendations for state policy are made, which have to do with developing the system of pre-school educational facilities, increasing the prestige of the labor of childcare, as well as increasing the quality of managing social processes.
preschool child institutions, system of preschool child institutions, proportions of preschool children groups, indices of development of the preschool child institutions system.
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