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Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
This article analyzes issues regarding social security for Russians with average income, and their ability to stand up to the threats and dangers of a society in crisis. The analysis is based on data from the “Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE)”. The analysis revealed that the deteriorating financial status of the Russian people, which occurred after the country fell into a series of economic crisis, has lead to the high-income segment serious thinning out, together with a significant expansion of groups with average income. Meanwhile each group, regardless of financial status, demonstrated a considerable misalignment when it comes to the objective and subjective financial position of those surveyed. Worsening conditions, as well a decrease in life-quality for segments of the population with average income, was indicated by a growing dissatisfaction among the people with their material status and with life in general, them increasingly becoming concerned with employment issues and fearing unemployment, as well as their growing anxiety and ever worsening assessments of their life prospects. The main reasons for decreasing social security of those segments of the population with average income were found to be a decline in real income, decreasing availability of various monetary and non-monetary sources of income, as well as less access to social benefits and social services. Employers more frequently resorting to unconventional forms of behavior on the labor market – which help businesses to overcome the crisis with minimal losses and to limit the increase of unemployment (administrative leaves, working on a shortened schedule, salary delays, “hidden” remuneration etc.) – has lead to significantly more violations of the rights of laborers with low or average income. The amount of people among them who are working without officially registering their labor relations has increased. However, despite the development of these and many other negative tendencies, the situation when it comes to the social security of those groups with average income does not seem to be catastrophic.
income, social security, security threats, living standards, social health, social welfare, social benefits and guarantees, economic crisis.
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