Volume 11 Issue 3 was published.
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2020. Vol. 11. No 3 published 09/29/2020
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The Population’s Perception of Foreign Policy Results – the Peculiarities

Igor Y. Kiseliov, Doctor of Sociology, Professor, associate of other organizaiton, ,
mailto: igkisselev@mail.ru
Anna G. Smirnova, Candidate of Political Science associate of other organizaiton, ,
mailto: agsmirnova2001@mail.ru
The Population’s Perception of Foreign Policy Results – the Peculiarities.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2016. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 136-154

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2016.19.4.432

This Article is downloaded: 275 times
Topic: Worldview of Modern Russians

For citation:
Igor Y. Kiseliov., Anna G. Smirnova. The Population’s Perception of Foreign Policy Results – the Peculiarities. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2016. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 136-154
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2016.19.4.432


Presented in this article1 are results from an empirical study, which was directed at exam ining the consequences which leaders might face if the foreign policy they pursue is not supported by citizens. Scientific literature examines the phenomenon of “domestic losses” mainly within the context of countries interacting under conditions of escalating tension and exchanging threats. Substantiated is the need to examine said phenomenon in other fields of foreign and domestic policy, which do not necessarily have to do with conflict interaction. The authors rely on the following assumption: generating domestic losses implies, first of all, accepting the consequences of a foreign policy which lead to failure in fulfilling important national interests: providing national security and economic prosperity, supporting identity, as well as having influence on the international arena. Second of all, said process is associated with there being a certain inclination to perform actions, the result of which can be a leader losing power due to insufficient votes at an election, an invol- untary resignation or protests. When citizens generate domestic losses, this takes place under the influence of three groups of factors. The first one reflects the influence of the institutional context: the oppositional parties’ attitudes towards policies pursued, election cycle, the level of support for the president’s activities, the country’s economic status. The second group of factors has to do with features of perceiving successes and failures when implementing basic sorts of national interests. The third one is represented by the characteristics of those citizens who evaluate the results of implementing the foreign political course. Notably, the peculiarities when it comes to perceiving the consequences of these results are linked to the socio-demographic characteristics of those surveyed (gender, age, education). The way in which the indicated factors influenced generating domestic losses was examined during and empirical study, which was based upon an experiment method integrated into the questionnaire. It was determined that citizens are prepared to react to an unsuccessful foreign policy pursued by their nation’s leader, by means of generating domestic losses. This is associated with a refusal to support their leader during an election. The subjects who generate domestic losses are composed mainly of men and those who represent the younger generation (18 – 30 years of age). Domestic losses can be caused by failure to implement every basic category of national interests. However, those groups of the population which are identified based on criteria such as gender, age and education take equally low interest in supporting national identity for the sake of generating domestic losses for the leader. Meanwhile those surveyed are prepared to deny their leader support if they associate issues of security, economic prosperity or a loss of influence on the international arena with the foreign policy pursued by their leader.


foreign policy, public opinion, domestic costs, gender, age, education.


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