Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia
Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
This article addresses issues associated with analyzing the operation of a social group known as intellectuals (“intelligentsia”), which in this particular context is presented as a category of “specialists”. The word “intellectual” is commonly used in western literature, which implies a specialist of a creative trade. Examined are the main ways in which status characteristics are formed, strategic and orientation dynamics in various areas of life, the degree of involvement within the system of market relations, as well as the peculiarities attributed to labor migration mobility among this group. Without a doubt, it can be called a “reserve” of the middle-class, but it is not yet a true component of the latter. Attention is also paid to analyzing such concepts as social equality, freedom, unemployment. Emphasized is the fact that, within the new Russian reality, not only the social guidelines of those surveyed are transforming, but also their socio-psychological health. The processes examined occur in a certain social space, represented by the Buryatia republic, a region of the Russian Federation (in the Southern Federal District). Resorting to regional analysis is a significant step in the development of contemporary studies, for only such a basis can help us better understand the objective condition of both social structure in general, and separate social subjects, as well as their interpenetration and hierarchy.
intellectuals, specialist, social status, labour market, social adaptation, mobility, financial situation.
Beliaeva L. A. Social'naja stratifikacija i sredniy klass v Rossii: 10 let postsovetskogo razvitija [Social Stratification and the Middle Class in Russia: Ten Years of Post-Soviet Development]. Moscow, Academia, 2001. 183 p.
Golenkova Z. T., Igithanian E. D. Bezrabotnye: osobennosti rossijskogo bytija [Unemployed: peculiarities of Russian Life]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija, 2001, no 5. pp. 67–76.
Golenkova Z. T., Igithanjan E. D. Social'nye gruppy sovremennoy Rossii: genezis, real'nost', perspektivy [Social Groups of Modern Russia: Genesis, Reality, Perspectives]. Palmarium academic publishing, 2012. 136 p.
Levit S. R. Nenabliudaemaja economika: praktika, problemy i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija ejo ocenok [Non-observed Economy: Experience, Problems and Ways of Improving its Ratings]. Voprosy statistiki, 2014, no 6, pp. 20–24.
Migranty v sociokul'turnom prostranstve regiona. Sociologicheskie ocherki [Migrants in the Socio-cultural Environment of the Region. Sociological Essays]. Ed. by M. K. Gorshkov. Moscow, Al'fa–M, 2009. 176 p.
Najomny rabotnik v sovremennoy Rossii [The Employee in Modern Russia]. Ed. by Z. T. Golenkova. Moscow, Novy khronograf, 2015. 362 p.
Narodnoe hoziaystvo SSSR v 1988 g. [Economy of the USSR in 1988]. Moscow, Goskomstat, 1989. 766 p.
Social'noe neravenstvo i publichnaja politika [Social Inequality and Public Policy]. Ed. by V. A. Medvedev. Moscow, Kul'turnaja Revoliucija, 2007. 336 p.
Social'nye problemy trudovoy zaniatosti v regionah Rossiyskoy Federacii [Social Problems of Employment in Russian Regions]. INAB, 2009, no 1. Moscow, IS RAS, 2009. 99 p.
Trud i zaniatost' v Rossii. Stat. sbornik – 2013 [Labor and Employment in Russia – 2013: Statistical Collection.]. Moscow, Rosstat, 2013. 661 p.
Trud i zaniatost' v Rossii. Stat. sbornik – 2015 [Labor and Employment in Russia – 2015: Statistical Collection.]. Moscow, Rosstat, 2015. 276 p.