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Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Тhe article considers the problem of formation of civil society and citizenship in the new conditions related to strengthening horizontal linkages and network communication technologies. It is shown that if we approach the analysis of multilateral and contradictory processes of social and political transformation in Russia from the perspective of interests of civil society, we can definitely say that in the current conditions, it shows a trend of gradual transition from the factor of political modernization to transform into one of its subjects. In the process of its development, it begins to act as a kind of indicator for the quality of the institutional environment of the political system, showing how deeply and smoothly it presents the democratic beginning. First come the problems of formation of culture of civil actions, citizenship, and civic consciousness. Particular emphasis is placed on analysis of the value and motivational component that allows you to track changes in the formation of civic participation and to assess the quality and value orientation of civic activism. Вased on secondary analysis of sociological data of various large-scale sociological studies, it was shown that the formation of civic consciousness correlates with the process of becoming middle class, generational shifts, to improve the quality of human and social capital. In general, the quality of civil consciousness is inconsistency and ambivalence that reflects the whole contradictory range of conditions of formation of civil society in contemporary Russia.
Сivil society, civic awareness, citizenship, transformation, public policy, democratic institutions, governance, networked society