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Modern trends of family creation in Bashkortostan


Flura Burkhanova, Doctor of Sociology, Professor, main researcher, ,
mailto: burhanova.flura@mail.ru
Modern trends of family creation in Bashkortostan.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2014. Vol. 5. No. 1. P. 90-107


This Article is downloaded: 542 times
Topic: Topic of the Issue: «Social processes in the regions of Russia»

For citation:
Flura Burkhanova. Modern trends of family creation in Bashkortostan. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2014. Vol. 5. No. 1. P. 90-107



Abstract

Based on the statistics data and sociological surveys in Bashkortostan the trends are revealed in the process of creating a family that have developed over the past twenty years; such indicators of it as marriage rate, unregistered marriages, religious marriages, inter-ethnic marriages, repeated marriages, and others have been analyzed. Conclusions are drawn about the specifics of the process of starting a family in the republic. The marital structure of the population and the dynamics of the indicators of marriages and divorces show that the trends taking place in Bashkortostan fit into all-Russian. In a broader context, the same processes take place as in many developed countries. To such general processes we can attribute decreasing in the proportion of married people, increasing the age to start a family, increasing the experience of divorces and unregistered marriages, widespread practice of cohabitation without registration prior to formal marriage. A number of republic-wide indicators of starting a family can be considered somewhat more favorable than all-Russian indicators. This applies to the marital structure of the population, the level of marriage and divorce, families with one parent. At the same time, the republic obviously transit gradually to a group of subjects that have close or equal indicators of family creation to the average Russian. This transition is particularly obvious in the divorce rate. Despite the growth of the population living in nation-mixed families, for all ethnic groups the mono-national family is preserved as predominant. Bashkirs and Tatars, as their religion revived and religious consciousness changed, have the significance of the religious marriage tradition increased. In recent years, a number of processes related to family and marriage sphere has had a positive dynamics in the republic: the number of married people is growing, and the number and level of divorces are declining, although unsteadily. However, such dynamics, if evaluated from the perspective of global transformations of the family, cannot remain long-term and, most likely, is temporary.

Keywords

family, family creating, nuptiality, unregistered marriages, marriage in a religious ceremony, inter-ethnic marriages, national blended family, extramarital family

References

Burkhanova F. B. Sovremennyy brak v Bashkortostane [Modern marriage in Bashkortostan]. Ufa, RIO BashGU, 2004. 158 p. (in Russ.).

Burkhanova F. B., Mukhamadiyeva R. R. Problemy sem'i i semeynoy politiki v Respublike Bashkortostan [Problems of Family and Family Policy in the Republic of Bashkortostan]. Ufa, Gilem, 2010. 196 p. (in Russ.).

Burkhanova F. B., Tereletskova Ye. V. Gendernyy faktor v razvodakh [The gender factor in divorces]. Ufa, RIO BashGU, 2010. 158 p. (in Russ.).

Demograficheskiye protsessy v Respublike Bashkortostan [Demographic processes in the Republic of Bashkortostan]. Stat.sb. Ufa, 2012. 125 p. (in Russ.).

Latypova F. B. Semeyno-brachnyye ustanovki i tsennosti studencheskoy molodozhi [Family marriage settings and values of student youth]. Ufa, 2001. 91 p. (in Russ.).

Sotsiologicheskiy otvet na «natsional'nyy vopros»: primer Respubliki Bashkortostan [Sociological answer to the "national question": an example of the Republic of Bashkortostan]. Ofitsial'nyy sayt Instituta sotsiologii RAN. Moscow, Institut sotsiologii RAN, 2012. URL: http://www.isras.ru/ inab_2012_05.html [date of visit: 17.01.2013] (in Russ.).


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