ISSN online: 2221-1616

Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik instituta sotziologii)

Research Article

Anna Y. Dombrovskaya, Doctor of Sociology associate of other organizaiton, , Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Political Science, Chief Research of Center for Political Studies, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow city, Russia
Measuring the influence of the media on the social adaptation of people with disabilities.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2012. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 138-157

This Article is downloaded: 924 times
Topic: To the methodology of scientific research

For citation:
Dombrovskaya A. Y. Measuring the influence of the media on the social adaptation of people with disabilities. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2012. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 138-157


The article analyzes the system of indicators of social adaptation of people with disabilities, ways of typification, and attempts to develop a scheme for sociological measurement of the impact of mass media on development of a particular type of social adaptation of disabled people. The study of the media influence on the consciousness and behavior of people with disabilities is important because of their greater susceptibleness to the mass media. It was necessary to identify the criteria for social adaptation of the disabled people and the impact of the media thereon. For this, the fundamental foreign and domestic approaches to measuring social adaptation have been studied. The western concepts of social adaptation include functional, role, psychoanalytic, cognitive, interactionist, phenomenological ones. The specifics of domestic research is shown, which consists in affirming the position of the key role of the subjective factor, that is, the active position of the individuals themselves in the process of adaptation to the society, their views, settings, attitudes to what is happening and their own capabilities. The subjective factors of adaptation are largely determined by the information space. Consequently, an important resource for the adaptation of disabled people is the broadcast of such mass media discourses that would contribute to development of an active life position for people with disabilities. The article represents various typologies of social adaptation of the disabled people. Analysis of contemporary publications based on the results of empirical studies of social adaptation has revealed a serious gap between a rather deep theoretical elaboration of the notion of social adaptation and the narrowness of the indicators used. Moreover, among the empirical indicators of social adaptation, there are no indicators of informational, in particular, mass media influence. A critical analysis of approaches to the typification of social adaptation made it possible to group all the criteria of social adaptation of the disabled people into two sets: objective and subjective. Detailed structuring of both is carried out. A detailed scheme for measuring the mass media effect on social adaptation of the disabled people is proposed, which makes it possible to establish a dependence of the development method of the type of social adaptation of the disabled on the content of media reports on people with disabilities and the strategy of information behavior for people with disabilities.


social adaptation, disabled,  mass-media influence



1. Dyurkgeym E. Sotsiologiya. Ee predmet, metod, prednaznachenie [Sociology. Its subject, method, purpose]. Sostavlenie A. B. Gofmana. Moscow, Kanon, 1995 (in Russ.).

2. Merton R. Sotsialʹnaya struktura i anomaliya [Social structure and anomaly]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 1992, no 2, 3, 4 (in Russ.).

3. Parsons T. O sotsialʹnykh sistemakh [About social systems]. Ed. By V. F. Chesnokovoy. Moscow, Akademicheskiy Proekt, 2002. 830 p. (in Russ.).

4. Parshina T. O. Strukturnaya modelʹ sotsialʹno-psikhologicheskoy adaptatsii cheloveka [Structural model of socio-psychological adaptation of a person]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2008, no 8, pp. 100–106 (in Russ.).

5. Encyclopedia of Psychology. H. J. Eysenck, W. Arnold, R. Meili (eds.). New York, Herder &Herder, 1972, vol. 1.

6. Hartmann H. Ego psychology and the Problem of adaptation. New York, 1958.

7. Freud A. Das ich und die Abwehrmechanismen. London, 1946.

8. Khʹell L., Zigler D. Teorii lichnosti. Osnovnye polozheniya, issledovaniya i primenenie [Theories of personality. Basic provisions, research and application]. Translate by S. Melenevskaya and D. Viktorova. Saint Petersburg, Piter, 2006 (in Russ.).

9. Philips L. Human adaptation and his failures. New York & London, Academic Press, 1968.

10. Dʹyui Dzh. Konstruirovanie sotsialʹnykh problem [Construction of social problems]. Konteksty sovremennosti. 2. Khrestomatiya. Kazanʹ, Kazanskiy un-t, 2001, pp. 164–175 (in Russ.).

11. Tomas U. Polʹskiy krestʹyanin v Evrope i Amerike [Polish peasant in Europe and America]. Moscow, 1998, p. 56 (in Russ.).

12. Joseph K. A. Implementing the social model of disability: theory and research. International sociology, 2007, vol. 22, no 3, pp. 247–250.

13. Cohen J. L. Changing paradigms of citizenship and the exclusiveness of the demos. International sociology, 1999, vol. 14, no 3, pp. 245–268.

14. Bridgens R. Disability and being “normal”: …response. Sociology, 2009, vol. 43, no 4, pp. 753–761.

15. Read J. Disability, the Family and Society: Listerning to Mothers. Buckingham; Philadelphia: Open University Press, 2000.

16. Wieviorka M. The making of differences. International sociology, 2004, vol. 19, no 9, pp. 281–297.

17. Zhukov V. I. Rossiyskie preobrazovaniya: sotsiologiya, ehkonomika, politika. 1985–2001 gg. [Russian transformations: sociology, economics, politics. 1985–2001]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGSU, 2002. 672 p (in Russ.).

18. Sotsialʹno-demograficheskaya situatsiya: VII ezhegodnyy doklad [Socio-demographic situation: VII annual report]. Compiled by I. S. Diskin, E. M. Avraamova, O. M. Zdravomyslova. Moscow, ISEHPN, 1998. 285 p (in Russ.).

19. Shabanova M. A. Sotsialʹnaya adaptatsiya v kontekste svobody [Social adaptation in the context of freedom]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 1995, № 9, pp. 81–88 (in Russ.).

20. Kholostova E. I., Dementʹeva N. F. Sotsialʹnaya reabilitatsiya [Social rehabilitation]. Moscow, Izdatelʹsko-torgovaya korporatsiya «Dashkov i K», 2002. 361 p (in Russ.).

21. Lapin N. I. Dinamika tsennostey naseleniya reformiruemoy Rossii [Dynamics of values of the population of the reformed Russia]. Moscow, Ehditorial URSS, 1996. 244 p (in Russ.).

22. Romanov P. V., Yarskaya-Smirnova E. R. Politika invalidnosti: sotsialʹnoe grazhdanstvo invalidov v sovremennoy Rossii [Disability policy: social citizenship of disabled people in modern Russia]. Saratov: Nauchnaya kniga, 2008. 260 p (in Russ.).

23. Romm M. V. Adaptatsiya lichnosti v sotsiume: teoretiko-metodologicheskiy aspekt [Adaptation of personality in society: the theoretical and methodological aspect]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2002. 274 p. (in Russ.).

24. Korelʹ L. V. Sotsiologiya adaptatsiy: voprosy teorii, metodologii i metodiki [Sociology of adaptations: questions of theory, methodology and methodics]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2006. 424 p.

25. Schriner K.; Ochs L. Creating the disabled citizen: How Massachusetts disenfranchised people under guardianship. Ohio State Law Journal, 2001, p. 62.

26. Hemment J. The Riddle of the Third Sector: Civil Society, International Aid, and NGOs in Russia. Anthropological Quarterly, vol. 77, 2004, no 2, pp. 215–241.

27. Grishchenko G. D., Maslova T. F. Migranty v novom soobshchestve: adaptatsiya i/ili integratsiya [Migrants in the new community: adaptation and / or integration]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2010, no 5, pp. 82–87 (in Russ.).

28. Yuzhanin M. A. O sotsiokulʹturnoy adaptatsii v inoehtnicheskoy srede: kontseptualʹnye podkhody k analizu [On socio-cultural adaptation in an ethnic environment: conceptual approaches to analysis]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2007, no 5, pp. 105–110 (in Russ.).

29. Barlas T. V. Osobennosti sotsialʹno-psikhologicheskoy adaptatsii pri psikho-somaticheskikh i nevroticheskikh narusheniyakh [Features of socio-psychological adaptation in psychosomatic and neurotic disorders]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 1994, no 6, pp. 117–120 (in Russ.).

30. Grishchenko V. V., Shustova N. E. Sotsialʹno-psikhologicheskaya adaptatsiya detey russkikh pereselentsev v rossiyskom obshchestve [Socio-psychological adaptation of Russian immigrants in Russian society]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 2004, vol. 24, no 3, pp. 17–25 (in Russ.).

31. Maklakov A. G. Lichnostnyy potentsial: ego mobilizatsiya i prognozirovanie v ehkstremalʹnykh usloviyakh [Personal potential: its mobilization and forecasting in extreme conditions]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal, 2001, vol. 22, no 1, pp. 16–24 (in Russ.).

32. Zotova O. I., Kryazheva I. K. Nekotorye aspekty sotsialʹno-psikhologicheskoy adaptatsii lichnosti [Some Aspects of Socio-Psychological Adaptation of the Individual]. Psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy regulyatsii sotsialʹnogo povedeniya. Moscow, 1979. 481 p. (in Russ.).

33. Yadov V. A. O dispozitsionnoy regulyatsii sotsialʹnogo povedeniya lichnosti Metodologicheskie problemy sotsialʹnoy psikhologii: sb. st. [On dispositional regulation of social behavior of the individual]. General ed. E. M. Shorokhov. Moscow, Nauka, 1975, pp. 89–105 (in Russ.).

34. Sredstva massovoy kommunikatsii i sotsialʹnye problemy. Khrestomatiya [Mass communication and social problems. Reader]. Translate from Eng., compiled I. G. Yasaveev. Kazanʹ, Kazanskiy un-t, 2000. 224 p. (in Russ.).

35. Zhurnalistika sotsialʹnoy sfery: uchebnoe posobie [Journalism in the social sphere: a textbook]. Ed. By V. I. Novikova, N. V. Starostenkova. Moscow, Izd-vo RGSU, 2008. 194 p. (in Russ.).

36. Barnes C., Mercer G. Exploring disability: a sociological ittroductoin. Cambridge: Polity, 1999.

37. Campbell J; Oliver M. Disability politics: understanding our past, changing our future. London, Routledge, 1996.

38. Chappell A. L. Disability, discrimination, and the criminal justice system. 1995, Issue 42, pp. 19–33.

39. Corcer M.; French S. Disability discourse. Buckingham, Open University Press, 1999.