Volume 10 Issue 2 was published.
The main theme of the issue: Sociology of Youth: attitudes in modern reality
  

The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
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2019. Vol. 10. No 2 published 06/29/2019
2019. Vol. 10. No 1 published 03/27/2019
2018. Vol. 9. No 4 published 12/17/2018
2018. Vol. 9. No 3 published 09/28/2018
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Patriotism as a component of public consciousness: a generational measurement perspective


Sergey G. Ivchenkov, Doctor of Sociology, Professor, associate of other organizaiton, , doctor of sociological sciences, professor, Head of the Youth Sociology Department, Dean of Faculty of Sociology, Saratov Chernyshevsky State University, Saratov, Russia.
mailto: ivchenkovsg@mail.ru
Elena V. Sayganova, Candidate of Sociology associate of other organizaiton, , candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, Department of Youth Sociology, Faculty of Sociology, Saratov Chernyshevsky State University, Saratov, Russia.
mailto: saiganovaev@yandex.ru
Patriotism as a component of public consciousness: a generational measurement perspective.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2019. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 104-119

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2019.28.1.558


This Article is downloaded: 80 times
Topic: Russian realitites: modern challenges?

For citation:
Sergey G. Ivchenkov., Elena V. Sayganova. Patriotism as a component of public consciousness: a generational measurement perspective. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2019. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 104-119
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2019.28.1.558




Abstract

Following the results of a sociological study conducted in 2018 by means of questionnaire method with a probability quota sample (N=420), this article analyzes the various interpretations of patriotism according to public opinion in the city of Saratov. It has been established that, according to its inhabitants, the word “Homeland” most often implies Russia, “small homeland” – one’s own city or family (less often one’s home neighborhood). The meaningful interpretation of this term is associated with socially significant activity, activism, and social responsibility. Basic displays of patriotism, according to respondents, are considered to be army service, patriotic upbringing of one’s children, abidance to the law and diligent work for society’s benefit. Most of Saratov’s inhabitants consider themselves to be patriots to one degree or another. However, what’s concerning is the fact that one out of every three city residents – especially among youths – denies such values. Youth patriotism is more oriented towards love for Russia. The elder generation builds its patriotic sentiments around love for their families, close ones, their home town and the USSR. Meanwhile most citizens (albeit to various degrees) draw a distinction between the terms “patriotism” and “nationalism”. The latter bears more of a negative connotation. Generally citizens (especially among the elder generation) believe that, after the USSR’s downfall, the teaching of patriotic values has “degenerated”, despite the government and the president taking certain steps towards increasing the level of patriotism within society. It is during such periods of change, like we are witnessing today, when the values of preceding generations start to contradict reality, and when the younger generation assumes the role of bearer of new knowledge and aspirations, due to possessing a more acute sense of society’s major issues and the will to openly speak out. Thereby not only the elder generation, but also the younger generation plays an equal role as a subject of developing society’s patriotic values. However, the profound differences between generations are proportional to the dynamics and scale of change within society, and the degree of mutual influence between generations acts as one of the major factors for stabilizing society, which includes establishing patriotic values. Increasing the efficiency of practices in this area, together with more extensive coverage of such practices in mass media and the internet, would aid in the development of historical and socio-cultural memory.

Keywords

patriotism, homeland, motherland, generation.

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