Volume 12 Issue 3 was published. 
The main theme of the issue: Individual and society in the global postmodernity: socio-cultural metamorphoses
  
The articles are published in the Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik Instituta Sociologii) in Russian with a special supplement in English.
There are some full-text articles translated into English that originally was published in the journal in Russian.
For full-text articles in English please click here
2021. Vol. 12. No 3 published 09/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 2 published 06/30/2021
2021. Vol. 12. No 1 published 04/01/2021
2020. Vol. 11. No 4 published 12/28/2020
All Issue:

2021 ( Vol. 12)  |  3   2   1  
2020 ( Vol. 11)  |  4   3   2   1  
2019 ( Vol. 10)  |  4   3   2   1  
2018 ( Vol.   9)  |  4   3   2   1  
2017 ( Vol.   8)  |  4   3   2   1  
2016 ( Vol.   7)  |  4   3   2   1  
2015 ( Vol.   6)  |  4   3   2   1  
2014 ( Vol.   5)  |  4   3   2   1  
2013 ( Vol.   4)  |  2   1  
2012 ( Vol.   3)  |  2   1  
2011 ( Vol.   2)  |  2   1  
2010 ( Vol.   1)  |  1  

Krzhizhanovskogo Street, 24/35, korpus 5, 117218, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7 (499) 128-85-19
Fax: +7 (495) 719-07-40

e-mail: vestnik@isras.ru

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

web-site: https://www.fctas.org

Who is set against migrants in Russia? Analyzing certain socio-demographic characteristics


Nataliya S. Mastikova Candidate of Sociology Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS; State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia,
mailto: navor@bk.ru
ORCID ID=0000-0001-8859-6803
Pavel V. Fadeev Candidate of Sociology Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS; State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia,
mailto: erving45@gmail.com
ORCID ID=0000-0001-5767-0329
Who is set against migrants in Russia? Analyzing certain socio-demographic characteristics.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2020. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 99-125

DOI: 10.19181/vis.2020.11.4.681

Дата поступления статьи: 27.06.2020
This Article is downloaded: 127 times
Topic: Interethnic relations in modern Russia

For citation:
Nataliya S. Mastikova., Pavel V. Fadeev. Who is set against migrants in Russia? Analyzing certain socio-demographic characteristics. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2020. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 99-125
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/vis.2020.11.4.681




Abstract

This article analyzes the connection between the socio-demographic characteristics (gender, age, education level, type of settlement, marital status) and attitudes towards migrants of the Russian people. The authors point out that, throughout the course of a decade (2006-2016), over 60% of respondents were negatively assessing the changes occurring in our country due to immigrant presence, which actualizes the need to study the group which bears the utmost negative attitude, with it being considered a latent threat to the stability of society. Based on analyzing contemporary scientific research, we know that in most studies socio-demographic variables are used in regression models, though they are introduced into equations with no initial theoretical assumptions – so any results attained are not discussed, but merely acknowledged. Thus, we have identified that the results of studies of the connection between socio-demographic characteristics and respondents’ attitudes towards migrants are controversial and largely dependent on factors of context (such as the country under examination, its cultural and historical specifics). Based on data from the European social survey (2018), while using a decision tree technique (CHAID), the connection between socio-demographic characteristics and attitudes towards migrants is analyzed with the goal of determining those groups of Russians that hold the most contempt for migrants. As it turns out, such a group is represented by women aged 60-69 with basic secondary education, residing in large cities or their suburbs. An assumption is made about this group of the population possibly being influenced by mass media, which is escalating an “immigration panic”. Overall the analysis shows that the connection between socio-demographic characteristics and attitudes towards migrants is not a constant pattern. The results and vector of this connection change depending on the year when the study was conducted, on the context, the political situation, as well as other factors. The only exception being the connection between education level and attitude towards immigrants: in all of the examined studies a high level of education was invariably associated with a positive attitude towards migrants. In conclusion, the potential of qualitative methods was assessed – them being a viable option for further studying the topic – as well as the media’s role in shaping the image of immigrants in the public mind.

Keywords

sociology, immigrants, European social research, socio-demographic characteristics, decision tree method, CHAID, attitude towards immigrants, context factor, mass media

References

Adorno T.W., Frankel-Brunswik Е., Levinson D., Sanford N.R. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper, 1950: 229.

Amuedo-Dorantes C., Puttitanun T. Gender Differences in Native Preferences toward Undocumented and Legal Immigration: Evidence from San Diego. Contemporary Economic Policy, 2011: 29: 1: 31–45. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.2010.00210.x

Berg J.A. Race, Class, Gender, and Social Space: Using an Intersectional Approach to Study Immigration Attitudes. Sociological Quarterly, 2010: 51: 2: 278–302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.2010.01172.x

Bessudnov A. Ethic Hierarchy and Public Attitudes Towards Immigrants in Russia. European Sociological Review, 2015: 32: 5: 567–580. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcw002

Betz H.G. Radical Right-Wing Popularism in Western Europe. London: Macmillan, 1994: 226.

Burns P., Gimpel J.G. Economic Insecurity, Prejudicial Stereotypes, and Public Opinion on Immigration Policy. Political Science Quarterly, 2000: 115: 2: 201–225. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2657900

Butkus M., Davidaviciene V., Maciulyte-Sniukiene A., Matuzeviciute K. Society’s Attitudwes Toward Immigration: Case of EU Countries. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 2019: 1: 338–352. DOI: http://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2018.1-26

Ceobanu A.M., Escandell X. East Is West? National Feelings and Anti-immigrant Sentiment in Europe. Social Science Research, 2008: 37: 4: 1147–1170. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2008.01.002

Coenders M., Scheepers P. The effect of education on nationalism and ethnic exclusionism: An international comparison. Political Psychology, 2003: 24: 2: 313–343. DOI: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/0162-895X.00330

Côté R., Erickson B.H. Untangling the Roots of Tolerance: How Forms of Social Capital Shape Attitudes Toward Ethnic Minorities and Immigrant. American behavioral scientist, 2009: 52: 12: 1664–1689. DOI: 10.1177/0002764209331532

Ethnicity and interethnic relations in a social context. Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva, S.V. Ryzhova. Moscow, FCTAS RAS publ., 2017: 126 (In Russ.)

Fons J.R., Van de Vijver, Breugelmans S.M, Schalk-Soekar S.R.G. Multiculturalism: construct validity and stability. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2008: 23: 2: 93–104. DOI: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2007.11.001

Gorodzeisky A. Who Are the Europeans That Europeans Prefer? Economic Conditions and Exclusionary Views toward European Immigrants. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2011: 52: 1–2: 100–113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsoc.2019.00024

Gorodzeisky A., Semyonov M. Terms of Exclusion: Public Views towards Admission and Allocation of Rights to Immigrants in European Countries. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2009: 32: 3: 401–423. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870802245851

Gorodzeisky A., Semyonov M. Unwelcome Immigrants: Sources of Opposition to Different Immigrant Groups Among Europeans. Frontiers in Sociology, 2019: 4 (24). DOI: 10.3389/fsoc.2019.00024

Gruzdev A.V. Predictive modeling in IBM SPSS Statistic and R: The decision tree method, Moscow, DMK Press, 2016: 276 (In Russ.).

Hainmueller J., Hiscox M.J. Educated Preferences: Explaining Attitudes toward Immigration in Europe. International Organization, 2007: 61: 399–442. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-102512-194818

Hainmueller J., Hopkins D.J. Public Attitudes Toward Immigration. Annual Review of Political Science, 2014: 17: 225–249.

Herrera Y.M., Butkovich Kraus N.M. Pride Versus Prejudice: Ethnicity, National Identity, and Xenophobia in Russia. Comparative Politics, 2016: 48 (3): 293–315. DOI: 10.5129/001041516818254365

Herreros F., Criado H. Social Trust, Social Capital and Perceptions of Immigration. Political Studies, 2009: 57 (2): 337–355. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2008.00738.x

Hjerm M. Anti-immigrant attitudes and cross-municipal variation in the proportion of immigrants. Acta Sociologica, 2009: 52: 1: 47–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0001699308100633

Hjerm M. Education, Xenophobia and Nationalism: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Ethnic Migration Studies, 2001: 27: 1: 37–60. DOI: 10.1080/13691830124482

Huijnk W., Verkuyten M., Coenders M. Intermarriage Attitude among Ethnic Minority and Majority Groups in the Netherlands: The Role of Family Relations and Immigrant Characteristics. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 2010: 41: 3: 289–414. DOI: 10.3138/jcfs.41.3.389

Karreth J., Singh S.P., Stojek S.M. Explaining Attitudes toward Immigration: The Role of Regional Context and Individual Predispositions. West European Politics, 2015: 2382: 1–29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2015.1022039

Kass G.V. An exploratory technique for investigation large quantities of categorical data. Applied Statistics. 1980: 29: 2: 119–127.

Konstantinov V.V., Osin R.V. Peculiarities of attitude towards in conditions of media influence. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta = Bulletin of the Saratov University, 2014: 1: 53–57 (In Russ.).

Kuran T., McCaffery E.J. Sex Differences in the Acceptability of Discrimination. Political Research Quarterly, 2008: 61: 2: 228–238. DOI:10.1177/1065912907304500

Kuznecov I.M. The balance of interethnic attitudes as an indicator of the state of interethnic relations. Mir Rossii = The Universe of Russia, 2017: 26: 1: 58–80 (In Russ.).

Lancee B., Sarrasin O. Educated Preferences or Selection Effects? A Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of Educational Attainment on Attitudes Towards Immigrants. European Sociological Review, 2015: 31: 4: 490–501. DOI:10.1093/esr/jcv008

Leong C.H., Ward C. Cultural values and attitudes toward immigrants and multiculturalism: The case of the Eurobarometer survey on racism and xenophobia. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2006: 30: 6: 799–810. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2006.07.001

Mastikova N.S. Changes brought by migrants and their assessment by Russians (according to the European Social Survey). Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost’ = Social sciences and modernity, 2019: 2: 160–169 (In Russ.). DOI 10.31857/S086904990004341-7

Mayda A.M. Who is against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants. Review of Economics and Statistics, 2006: 88: 3: 510–530.

Mukomel V.I. Xenophobes and their antipodes, who are they? Mir Rossii = The Universe of Russia, 2017: 1: 32–57 (In Russ.).

O’Rourke K., Sinnott R. The Determinants of Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration. European Journal of Political Economy, 2006: 22: 838–861. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2005.10.005

Paas T., Demidova O. How People Perceive Immigrants’ Role in Their Country’s Life: a Comparative Study of Estonia and Russia. Eastern Journal of European Studies, 2014: 5: 2: 117–138.

Paas T., Halapuu V. Attitudes Towards Immigrants and the Integration of Ethnically Diverse societies. Eastern Journal of European Studies, 2012: Vol. 3: 2: 161–176

Paas T., Halapuu V. Determinants of people’s attitudes towards immigrants in Europe. University of Tartu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series, 2012: 88: 3–18.

Pichler F. Foundations of Anti-Immigrant Sentiment: The Variable Nature of Perceived Group Threat across Changing European Societies, 2002–2006. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2010: 51: 6: 445–469. DOI: 10.1177%2F0020715210379456

Ponce A. Gender and Anti-immigrant Attitudes in Europe. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamics, 2017: 3: 1–17. DOI: 10.1177%2F2378023117729970

Rokeach M. А theory of organization and change within value-attitude systems. Journal of Social Issues, 1968: 24: 1: 13–33

Semyonov M., Raijman R., Gorodzeisky A. The Rise of Anti-foreigner Sentiment in European Societies, 1988 – 2000. American Sociological Review, 2006: 71: 3: 426–449. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F000312240607100304

Sidanius J. The psychology of group conflict and the dynamics of oppression: A social dominance perspective. Ed. by S. Iyengar, W.J. McGuire. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993: 183–219.

Social factors of interethnic tension in Russia. Ed. by Y.B. Epihina, M.F. Chernysh. Moscow, FCTAS RAS publ., 2017: 336 (In Russ.).

Tatarko A.N. The role of the perceived threat in relation to Muscovites to migrants. In: Strategies for intercultural interaction between migrants and the population of Russia. Ed. by N.M. Lebedeva, A.N. Tatarko Moscow, RUPF publ., 2009: 420 (In Russ.).

Wilkes R., Guppy N., Farris L. No Thanks, We’re Full: Individual Characteristics, National Context, and Changing Attitudes toward Immigration. International Migration Review, 2008: 42: 2: 302–329. DOI:10.1111/j.1747-7379.2008.00126.x


Content 2020' 35