ISSN online: 2221-1616

Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology (Vestnik instituta sotziologii)

Research Article

Galina A. Cherednichenko, Doctor of Sociology main researcher, ,
Village School Graduates: Educational Strategies.
Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2016. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 28-52

This Article is downloaded: 157 times
Topic: Sociology of Education: Modern Trends

For citation:
Cherednichenko G. A. Village School Graduates: Educational Strategies. Vestnik instituta sotziologii. 2016. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 28-52


Government statistical data and materials from sociological studies are used to examine the educational strategies of village youth. Analysis is carried out in a comparative manner – the processes and phenomena which characterize village youths are compared with such attributed to urban youths. The statistical data is analyzed within the dynamics of the period from the 1990’s through the 2010’s. It is revealed that village youths’ educational strategies, compared to those of their urban peers, are shaped under the influence of common factors of living conditions changes, the development of school and professional education systems, shifts in the demographic situation (transition from the abundant generations of the late 1990’s and early 2000’s to the sparse generations of the late 2000’s). After finishing basic schooling most village youths choose to go down the “non-academic” path: they transfer to secondary professional training, while young men and women from cities, for the most part, continue to attend day high school. Those who are currently receiving a complete secondary education in rural areas are much more socially selected relative to the social structure of the village population, when compared to their peers from urban secondary schools relative to the general city population. These village youths are to a much greater extent than before consolidated in their pursuit of higher education. As a result a situation has developed towards the early 2010’s when the majority of rural high school graduates enrolled into universities, so their educational attitudes and their actual choices turned out to be quite similar to the aspirations of youths from cities. Shown is the demographic situation’s influence (during varying chronological periods) on youths’ options at certain stages of choosing an educational path, and also indicated is how they are affected by such a crucial factor as the existing local structure, a network of educational facilities for various levels of general and professional education.


rural youth, urban youth, educational strategies, graduates from general secondary school, graduates from high school, secondary specialized education, higher education.


Arsent’eva N. M., Harchenko I. I. Sovremennye vyzovy sisteme professional’nogo obrazovanija i problemy formirovanija kadrovoy bazy ekonomiki sibirskih regionov [Contemporary Challenges to the System of Education and Problems of Formation of the Human Resource Base of the Economy of Siberian Regions]. NRU HSE Official website. URL: https:// [date of visit: 28.08.2016].

Bessudnov A. R., Malik V. M. Social’no-ekonomicheskoe i gendernoe neravenstvo pri vybore obrazovatel’noy traektorii posle okonchanija 9-go klassa sredney shkoly [Socio-Economic and Gender Disparities in the Choice of Eucational Path after Finishing of the 9-th Step of Secondary School]. Voprosy obrazovanija, 2016, no 1, pp. 135–167.

Demografichesky ezhegodnik Rossii 2001 [Demographic Yearbook of Russia 2001]. Moscow, Goskomstat, 2001. 404 p.

Demografichesky ezhegodnik Rossii 2015 [Demographic Yearbook of Russia 2015].Moscow, Rosstat, 2015. 263 p.

Hyman H. H. The Value Systems of Different Classes. Class, Status, and Power. Social stratification in comparative perspective, second edition. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966, pp. 488–499.

Kliuchariov G. A. «Problema meliuzgi», obrazovatel’nye neravenstva i effektivnost’ vuzov kak social’no-ekonomicheskie indicatory [The Problem of “small-fry”, Education Inequalities and Efficiency of Universities as Indicators of Social-Economic Development]. Vestnik Instituta sotziologii, 2013, no 6, pp. 234–251. URL: [date of visit: 23.08.2016].

Konstantinovsky D. L. Dinamika neravenstva. Rossiyskaja molodiozh’ v meniajuschemsia obschestve: orientacii i puti v sfere obrazovanija (ot 1960-h godov k 2000-mu) [The Dynamics of Inequality. Russian Youth in a Changing Society: Orientations and Paths in Education (from 1960 to 2000)]. Moscow, Editorial URSS, 1999. 344 p.

Obrazovanie v Rossiyskoy Federacii: 2007 [Education in Russian Federation: 2007]. Moscow, SU HSE, 2007. 484 p.

Obrazovanie v Rossiyskoy Federacii: 2010 [Education in Russian Federation: 2010]. Moscow, SU HSE, 2010. 492 p.

Obrazovanie v Rossiyskoy Federacii: 2012 [Education in Russian Federation: 2012]. Moscow, NRU HSE, 2012. 444 p.

Obrazovanie v Rossiyskoy Federacii: 2014 [Education in Russian Federation: 2014]. Moscow, NRU HSE, 2014. 464 p.

Pervichnye dannye, oficial’no predostavlennye v 2008–2011 gg. Otdelu sociologii obrazovanija IS RAN Federal’nym agentstvom po statistike RF [Primary Data Officially submitted in 2008–2011 to the Department of Sociology of Educationof the Institute of Sociology RAS by Federal Agency for Statistics]. Not publ.

Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 17.12.2001 № 871 «O restrukturizacii seti obscheobrazovatelnykh uchrezhdeniy, raspolozhennykh v selskoy mestnosti (s izmenenijami na 1.02.2005)» [RF Government Resolution of 17 December 2001 № 871 “On the Restructuring of the Network of Educational Institutions Located in Rural Areas (as amended at February 1, 2005)”]. Konsorcium «Codex» website. URL.: document/901807007 [date of visit: 22.10.2016].